Subjects and Predicates

Parts of speech havespecific jobs to percreate when they are put together in a sentence.

You are watching: A __________ is a group of words containing either a subject or a predicate, but not both.

A nounor pronoun functions as the sentence topic as soon as itis paired through a verb functioning as the sentence predicate.

Every sentence has a subjectand also predicate.

A subject can be anounor pronoun that is partnered through an activity verb.



Sometimes a verb willexpush being or existence rather of activity.



Sometimes we usesentences in which a topic is not actually stated, yet is,nevertheless, understood in the interpretation.



A sentence choose this provides an order or a request to someone.


Due to the fact that we use suchstatements as soon as we are talking directly to someone, we omit the word you.It is understood in the sentence. Because of this, in statementsprefer this one, we say the subject is

you (understood).

This type of sentence isan imperative sentence.

A predicate is a verb that expresses the subject"s activity or state of being.



Sometimes the predicatewill certainly be written of two or 3 verbs that fit together - the mainverb predelivered by one or more auxiliary (helping) verbs.


IMPORTANT NOTE: Tobe a predicate, a verb that ends in -ing should ALWAYShave actually a helping verb via it. An -ing verb WITHOUT a helpingverb cannot be a predicate in a sentence.

A topic and also predicatemay not always show up together or in the normal order, as the complying with examplesshow:





A phrase is agroup of related words that

1. does not express a complete thought

2. does not have actually a subject and predicate pair

One form of expression isa prepositionalexpression.



Another sort ofphrase is a verbal phrase.



Even though these phrasescontain nouns (pronouns) and/or verb creates, namong the nouns/pronouns/verbs aretopics or predicates. Namong them job-related as a partnership.

Also, these phrasesexecute NOT express complete thoughts.


Words and also phrases can beput together to make clasupplies.

A clause isa group of connected words that contain a topic and predicate.

Note the differencein between phrases and clasupplies in the following examples:


Only among the claoffers is a sentence.

Clausage #1 offers a thoughtor an concept that is COMPLETE, that have the right to stand also by itself, independent ofvarious other words.

However before, clausage #2 givesan INCOMPLETE believed or idea, one that cannot stand by itself, one thatrequirements some even more words to make it totality. Words after transforms theinterpretation, making the thought incomplete. After analysis this clausage, we are lefthanging.


These two clauseshighlight the two kinds of clauses:

independent clauses and also dependent clauses

An independent clause is a team of words that has a subject, a predicate, and a completethought.

A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate, however does NOTexpress a complete believed.

Compounding Sentence Elements

Words, phrases, and also claprovides may be joined to one one more inside a sentence through a conjunction.The coordinating conjunctions and, however,or, and nor might join subjects, predicates, adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases or dependent clasupplies within a sentence. This process is dubbed "compounding."The following examples display the procedure of compounding







When whole independent clasupplies (basic sentences) are joined this means, they becomecompound sentences.

Avoiding Fragments

A complete sentenceneeds only two elements:

a topic - predicate unit AND acomplete thought

In various other words, a simplesentence is actually the SAME point as an independent clause.

Dependent clausesor phrases are referred to as fragments because they are missingone or more parts needed to make a sentence.

Thus, they are just piecesor pieces of finish sentences.

Look at these examples:


Avoiding Comma Splices and also Foffered Sentences

Sometimes 2 independent claoffers (basic sentences) have the right to be joined to develop another kind ofsentence: the compound sentence.

Two major errorscan take place as soon as constructing compound sentences.

Error #1: The CommaSplice

Writers make this errorwhen they attempt to sepaprice the two independent clasupplies in a compound sentencethrough a comma alone.

A comma is not a strongsufficient punctuation note to separate the 2 independent claprovides by itself; hence,utilizing it causes the claoffers to be spliced together.

Example of a commasplice:


This sentence deserve to berepaired in 3 ways:

1. by adding an proper coordinating conjunction

2. by transforming the comma to a semicolon

3. by changing the punctuation and including an appropriate conjunctiveadverb

Error #2: The FusedSentence

Writers make this errorby joining two independent clasupplies right into a compound sentence without usingany punctuation between them.

No punctuation betweenthe 2 independent claprovides causes them to "fuse" into an INCORRECTcompound sentence.

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Example of a fusedsentence:


This sentence is alsorepaired in three ways: adding a comma and an proper coordinating conjunction

2. by placing a semicolon in between the two clauses

3. by including the needed punctuation and also an proper conjunctiveadverb

Anvarious other means to repair acomma splice or fsupplied sentence is to make each independent clauseright into a easy sentence.