L>Student Resource Glossary
Glossary
Chapter 9
ablation Term offered to describe some kinds of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The lack of urine development by the kidneys.
benign prostatic hyperplasia An enlargement of the prostate gland that many often occurs in guys over age 50.
chronic kidney illness The gradual loss of renal attribute over months or years.
cystitis An inflammation of the bladder.
cystocele A hernia of the bladder with the vaginal wall; likewise know as a fallen bladder.
cystolith A rock in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall.
cystoscopy The visual examicountry of the urinary bladder making use of a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to rerelocate waste assets, such as urea, creatinine, and excess water from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no longer attribute.
diuresis The increased output of urine.
end-stage renal illness The final stage of chronic kidney condition.
enuresis The involuntary discharge of urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male via epispadias, the urethral opening is situated on the upper surface of the penis; in the female through epispadias, the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris.
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy The destruction of kidney stones through the usage of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling with water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A type of nephritis resulted in by inflammation of the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and also proteins to leak right into the urine.
hemodialysis The procedure by which waste products are filtered straight from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The swelling of one or both kidneys as the outcome of an obstruction of the flow of urine.
hydroureter The stretching out of a ureter with urine, is resulted in by a blockage in the ureter that does not allow the urine to flow normally.
hyperproteinuria The visibility of abgenerally high concentrations of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The visibility of abcommonly low concentrations of protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male through hypospadias, the urethral opening is on the ventral surface of the penis; in the female through hypopadias, the urethra opens into the vagina.
incontinence The incapacity to manage the excretion of urine and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation within the wall surfaces of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic research of the kidneys and ureters.
nephrolith A stone situated in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis Describes the visibility of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic functional units of each kidney where urine is developed through the procedures of filtration, reabsorption, and also secretion.
nephropathy Any illness of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, of a kidney right into the pelvic location when the patient stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration of the kidney.
nephrostomy The placement of a catheter to keep an opening from the pelvis of one or both kidneys to the exterior of the body.
nephrotic syndrome A group of problems in which extreme quantities of protein are lost through the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary problem led to by interference through the normal nerve pathmeans connected through urination.
nocturia Frequent and extreme urination during the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence during sleep; additionally well-known as bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty urination.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The surgical removal of a nephrolith via a little incision in the earlier.
peritoneal dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood.
polycystic kidney condition aA genetic disorder characterized by the expansion of countless fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria Excessive urination, and also is a prevalent symptom of diabetes.
prostatism A disorder resulting from the compression, or obstruction, of the urethra due to benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical repair of the ureter and also renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A surgical incision right into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The placement of a catheter right into the bladder with a tiny incision made through the abdominal wall simply over the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic problem resulting from renal faiattract in which kidney feature is endangered and also urea and various other waste assets commonly secreted in the urine are preserved in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement of a ureter.
ureterolith A stone situated almost everywhere along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge of blood from the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The surgical suturing of a ureter.
urethritis An inflammation of the urethra.
urethropexy The surgical fixation of the urethra to surrounding tconcern.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra.
urethrotomy A surgical incision into the urethra for relief of a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion of a tube right into the bladder in order to procure a sterile specimales for diagnostic functions, or to drain urine.
vesicovaginal fistula An abnormal opening in between the bladder and vagina that enables constant involuntary circulation of urine from the bladder into the vagina.


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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is provided to research the circulation of urine from the bladder and through the urethra.
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