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例13. (Revised muzic-ivan.info Practice Publication Section 4 Q8) (ADH)

But they pay bit attention to the oppowebsite and also even more treacherous failing: false certainty, refmaking use of to confess their mistakes and implicitly claiming (i) ______, thereby embarrassing the nation and also undermining the Constitution, which established miscellaneous mechanisms of self-correction on the premise that even the wisest men are sometimes wrong and need, specifically when they discover it a lot of (ii) ______, the advantage of (iii) ______ procedure.

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BLANK (i) BLANK (ii) BLANK (iii)

(A) infallibility (D) discomfiting (G) an adaptable

(B) immunity (E) expedient (H) a remedial

(C) impartiality (F) impending (I) an injudicious

  (一) 选取第一空所在部分:

But they pay little attention to the oppowebsite and also more treacherous failing: false certainty, refmaking use of to confess their mistakes and implicitly claiming (i) ______ …

冒号表示解释说明,前后两个分句意思一致;前半句说这些人“pay little bit attention to failing”,则后半句中也应该说这些人对于错误不管不顾,而后半句中说这些人refusing to confess their mistakes,同时用and连接表并列关系,后半部分与“refusing to confess their mistakes”意思也一致,因而后半部分,即blank(i)所在部分也是“不承认错误”的意思。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

<1>. infallibility:(无误的)incapable of error in specifying doctrines poignant belief or morals

<2>. immunity:(免疫力)the high quality or state of being immune

<3>. impartiality:(公正的)not partial or biased : treating or affecting all equally

(二) 选取第三空所在部分:

… the Constitution, which establiburned assorted mechanisms of self-correction on the premise that even the wisest menare sometimes wrong and need the advantage of (iii) ______ procedure.

将blank(ii)部分先省略,从blank(iii)入手,发现整句话可以变形为:

… the Constitution establimelted various mechanisms of self-correction on the premise that even the wisest males require the advantage of (iii) ______ procedure.

On the premise that可以视为“because”,整个一句话就变成一个因果关系的句子,前后两个分句意思一致,又没有任何否定词,故对应词语之间是同义关系。整句话就变为“宪法建立自我救赎的机制是因为人们需要_______机制”,故blank(iii)应该填入的就是“拯救、救赎”之意。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

<1>. adaptable:(可适应的)qualified of being adjusted : SUITABLE

<2>. remedial:(挽救性的)intfinished as a remedy

<3>. injudicious:(不明智的)not sensible : INDISCREET, UNWISE

(三) 选取第二空所在部分:

…the Constitution, which establimelted miscellaneous mechanisms ofself-correction on the premise that also the wisest men are occasionally wrong and also need, specifically when they uncover it many (ii) ______ …

这句话中blank(ii)是指智者在什么情况下会要用到宪法所提供的自我救赎的机制。

对于智者,尤其是最有智慧的那些来说,犯错通常比较困难,而一旦犯错,其最佳的选择是自己改正问题,以避免不必要的尴尬与问题。看选项后,无论是“权益的”还是“迫近的”,都不如“尴尬的”这个词能有效体现出这些情况发生之少、以及发生以后需要自己改正的必要性。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

<1>. discomfiting:(尴尬的)to put right into a state of perplexity and embarrassment : DISCONCERT

<2>.

See more: Your Learning Style Impacts The Ways You Remember Information.

expedient:(权宜的)identified by issue with what is opportune; particularly : governed by self-interest

<3>. imminent:(迫近的)ready to take place; especially : hanging threateningly over one's head

  (四) 理解句意,看是否逻辑与语义契合:

基于一种假定,也就是即便是最智慧的人有时、更多情况下是他们认为最尴尬的时候也会犯错,同时需要从一种挽救机制中改正自己的错误,宪法本身设立了许多机制来提供自我改正的可能。但这些人他们对于那些相反的、更加奸诈的错误:即便是肯定错误的,但他们还是拒绝去承认自己的错误,并且还隐晦地称自己是没有错误的行为却使国家与宪法蒙羞。下一题》