1 The basic rules
du, de la, de l’ and des have the right to all be provided to provide information about the amount or quantity of a details thing. They are often interpreted right into English as some or any kind of.In French, you select in between du, de la, de l’ and des, depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural.
You are watching: Difference between de and du in french
| ||through masculine noun||through feminine noun|
|Singular||du (de l’)||de la (de l’)|
Tipde + le and de la adjust to de l’ once they are provided in front of a word founding through a vowel, many words founding with h, and the French word y.
du is supplied in front of masculine singular nouns.
|du beurre||(some/any) butter|
|du jus d’orange||(some/any) ovariety juice|
Keep in mind that du is likewise a combination of de + le and also has actually other meanings, such as saying that something belongs to or wright here something is from.de la is provided in front of feminine singular nouns.
|de la viande||(some/any) meat|
|de la margarine||(some/any) margarine|
de l’ is used in front of singular nouns that start through a vowel and also a lot of nouns founding through h, whether they are masculine or feminine.
|de l’argent (masculine)||(some/any) money|
|de l’eau (feminine)||(some/any) water|
|de l’herbe (feminine)||(some/any) grass|
des is offered in front of plural nouns, whether they are masculine or feminine and also whatever letter they start through.
|des gâteaux||(some/any) cakes|
|des lettres||(some/any) letters|
|des hôtels||(some/any) hotels|
Keep in mind that des is additionally a combination of de + les and has various other definitions, such as saying who something belongs to or wbelow something is from.
2 The partitive article in negative sentences
In French, you usage word pairs prefer ne … pas (definition not) and ne … jamais (definition never) to say that something is not happening or not true. In this type of expression, du, de la, de l’ and also des all readjust to de.
|Nous n’avons pas de beurre.||We don’t have actually any type of butter.|
|Je ne mange jamais de viande.||I never eat meat.|
|Il n’y a pas de timbres.||Tbelow aren’t any kind of stamps.|
Tipde changes to d’ in front of a word beginning via a vowel and also many nouns starting via h.
|Il n’a pas d’argent.||He doesn’t have actually any kind of money.|
|Il n’y a pas d’horloge dans la salle.||There isn’t a clock in the room.|
muzic-ivan.info Extra!Tright here are some exceptionally widespread adjectives, choose beau, bon and also petit, that have the right to come BEFORE the noun rather of after it. When an adjective comes prior to a plural noun, des transforms to de.
|J’ai reçu de beaux cadeaux.||I got some lovely presents.|
|Cette région a de très jolis villperiods.||This area has actually some very pretty villperiods.|
3 The definition of du, de la, de l’ and des
du, de la, de l’ and des are frequently analyzed into English as some or any type of, however tbelow are times once no word is supplied in English to translate the French.
|Il me doit de l’argent.||He owes me (some) money.|
|Je vais acheter de la farine et du beurre pour faire un gâteau.||I’m going to buy (some) flour and butter to make a cake.|
|Est-ce qu’il y a des lettres pour moi?||Are tbelow any kind of letters for me?|
|Elle ne veut pas de beurre.||She doesn’t want any butter.|
|Je ne prends pas de lait.|
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|I don’t take milk.|
TipRemember that du, de la, de l’ and also des can NEVER be missed out in French, also if tright here is no word in English.
Key pointsWith masculine singular nouns → usage du.With feminine singular nouns → use de la.With singular nouns founding with a vowel and also some nouns start via h → use de l’.With plural nouns → use des.du, de la, de l’ and des → readjust to de or d’ in negative sentences.