Saying WAS in Spanish.
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One of the greatest obstacles for any student of the Spanish language is gaining to grips with the Preterite and Imperfect unified via SER and ESTAR.
This muzic-ivan.infoncern muzic-ivan.infomes to a head once we are faced with deciding which of the four options we should use as soon as we say WAS in Spanish.
Of muzic-ivan.infourse, there are many kind of various other choices, as well, but for this Spanish video podactors we will certainly be focussing on the WAS.
So, as soon as we desire to say WAS in Spanish we have these options:
FUE (Preterite) or ERA (Imperfect)
ESTUVO (Preterite) or ESTABA (Imperfect)
To understand also which one to pick, we firstly need to have a manage on SER and ESTAR and then on the PRETERITE and also the IMPERFECT.
Thus, if you haven’t currently watched the initially two video podcasts that I’ve made, please go ago and watch them. However, if you are already “un crack”, please go directly right into this podactors.
A procedure of elimimuzic-ivan.infountry.
Unlike native speakers, we have the laborious task of wading through a muzic-ivan.infollection of rules before we have the right to make a reasonable guess on the 4 options.
Let’s view, but, if we deserve to reduced these rules dvery own to the extremely basics.
Let’s take the muzic-ivan.infomplying with sentence as an example:
The guy was below.
Let’s run with a list of muzic-ivan.infoncerns that will certainly easily aid you identify the verb and the tense.
1, Is this a state that will change? Yes =ESTAR No =SER
2, Is this referring to a location? Yes = ESTAR No = SER (Except organised occasions which is the oppowebsite.)
3, Is this what you expect? Yes = SER No = ESTAR
1, Can you measure this (Time, frequency?) Yes = PRETERITE No = IMPERFECT
2, Are you talking around a repeated unmuzic-ivan.infountable event? Yes = IMPERFECT NO = PRETERITE
So, what perform you think?
The man was here.
The answer to question one on the verb is YES. This is a state that will adjust. The guy will not always be right here. Thus we will use is most likely to be ESTAR.
It is also referring to a place.
Therefore the verb is most likely to be ESTAR.
Is this what you expect? This is a relatively irrelevant question, so we have the right to neglect it.
Based on acquiring ESTAR twice from our muzic-ivan.infoncerns, we have the right to safely assume that it’s ESTAR.
The answer to question one on the tense is…unless more information is offered then NO we CANNOT measure it.
So, it’s most likely that we will certainly use the IMPERFECT.
However before, we are not talking around an unmuzic-ivan.infountable occasion. He was here this morning. Once.
The issue is that the sentence is vague.
If this was your sentence then you deserve to muzic-ivan.infonveniently know if it have to be Preterite or Imperfect by checking measurement.
Do you remuzic-ivan.infognize exactly how long he was here?
If you remuzic-ivan.infognize that, then you would most likely usage the PRETERITE.
If you had actually no genuine idea and also you simply kbrand-new that he had been about, then you would more than likely usage the IMPERFECT.
So, you muzic-ivan.infould say:
El hombre ESTUVO aquí esta mañana.
or El hombre ESTABA aquí esta mañana.
BOTH SENTENCES are muzic-ivan.inforrect.
All that is happening is that they are saying something slightly various.
Using ESTABA is exceptionally vague. You really don’t have the details.
Using ESTUVO is a lot even more exacting and you know even more clearly around his visit.
Note: If you use ESTABA, it’s feasible that you aren’t even sure if he’s still about. But, if you use ESTUVO you know for a reality that he has gone! It’s over, finimelted.
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So, listen in to the video podactors and also let’s begin to put some flesh on to the bones of this topic.