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WASHINGTON, Jan. 20 — After years of prodding by re formers, Housage Democrats and Republicans both agreed this day to modify the rigid seniority device whereby members immediately increase to positions of power.
In the future, the selection of committee chairmen will be subject to approval by party caucoffers.
The recreate moves came at sepaprice party caucoffers on the eve of the convening of the 92d Congress at noon tomor row.
The Democrats and also the Re publicans agreed overwhelm ingly that in the future senior ity should not be the sole basis for selection of committee chairmen or ranking minority members.
On the other hand, Housage Democrats agreed tonight to enable their freshly liked majority leader, Hale Boggs of Louisiana, to choose the majority whip, the number 3 member on the Democratic leadership team.
While it has actually been standard for the majority leader to name the majority whip, a relocate to make the office elective was proposed tonight by Wayne L. Hays of Ohio, who was defeat ed for majority leader yesterday by Mr. Boggs.
The Hays relocate was tabled by voice vote, therefore opening the way for the whip's task to be filled by Mr. Boggs after con sultation with the newly favored Speaker. Carl Albert, of Okla homa.
Both Mr. Albert and Mr. Boggs had expressed issue that by making the whip task elective, the House Democrats can better consoliday the leadership within the South and also border states.
Alprepared, that area holds 3 of the leadership positions: Mr. Albert, from Oklahoma; Mr. Boggs, from Louisiana, and Olin Teague, from Texas.
In choosing a whip, the brand-new leaders are intended to tap someone from the North or Mid west, in an initiative to lug more geographical balance to the team.
Amongst those under consid eration, it was learned tonight, are Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. of Massachusetts; Hugh L. Carey of Brooklyn; John Brademas of Indiana and Donald M. Fraser of Minnesota, head of the lib eral Democratic Study Group.
Earlier this particular day, both the Dem ocrats and also Republicans spent hours debating the seniority re develops.
Aging Members at Top
While tright here are no composed rules on seniority, both par ties in the House have actually rigidly followed the practice of auto matically assigning the a lot of se nior members to optimal commit tee write-ups throughout the last 60 years.
The principal beneficiaries of such a seniority mechanism of ad vancement have actually been aging Democrats and Republicans from nominally safe, one‐party districts — typically rural areas of the South and also the Midwest.
In the last Congress, 10 of the 21 standing committees of the House were headed by Democrats ranging in age from 70 to 84.
While both parties in the Housage have actually now ruled out se niority as the single basis for committee advance, it is most likely to continue to identify management of committees, at leastern in the brand-new Congress.
Liberal Democrats setup to difficulty at leastern one commit tee chairmale — John L. Mc Millan of South Carolina, chair guy of the House District Com mittee — yet the relocate is not supposed to succeed.
In their separate meetings, Democrats and Republicans both offered particular machin ery for the deposing of unpop ular or autocratic committee chairguys or ranking minority members.
Republicans would vote auto matically by secret ballot on whether to accept nomicountries of ranking members submitted by their Committee on Commit tees.
Under the Democratic setup, any kind of Democrat, as soon as backed by 10 others, could demand a vote on election of a chairmale or any other mmeber nominated by the party's very own Commitee on Committees.
The Republican Committee on Committees consists of one member from each state that has actually Republideserve to depiction in the Housage. Democratic mem bers of the House Ways and Means Committee serve the exact same attribute for Democratic assignments.
The seniority worry was one of a variety of reforms ap showed this particular day by Democrats in a daylengthy session. Other prin cipal changes would certainly provide younger Housage Democrats a wider function in shaping legisla tion by limiting committee charmales and various other senior members to the chairmanship of one subcommittee.
This limitation can complimentary approximately 30 subcommittee chairguy ships for younger members with less tenure than those at the optimal.
At the same time, John B. Ander child, an Illinois modeprice, nar rowly beat Samuel Devine, an Ohio ultra‐conservative, to retain the chairmanship of the Republihave the right to Conference, the party's House company. The vote was 89 to 81.
Re‐elected without difficulty were the two various other peak Housage Republideserve to leaders, Gerald R. Ford of Michigan, the minority leader, and Leslie Arends of Ilinois, the minority whip.
In a second challenged elec tion, Robert T. Stafford of Ver mont defeated Jack Edwards of Alabama, 85 to 82, for the post of vice chairman of the Repub lican Conference. Elected as secretary was Rictough H. Poff of Virginia.
The Democratic wrangle over how to choose a bulk whip pointed up the concern in some quarters over placing a male on the management escalator with mere appointment.
Mr. Albert had actually moved from whip to majority leader to speaker; Mr. Boggs, also, had relocated from whip to majority leader.
However, even many of those opposed to the standard ap pointive course expressed fear that the very same coalition that elected Mr. Boggs of Arizona, might elect a conservative as whip.
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Liberals sneed to limit the appointive term of whip to four years but were narrowly de feated, 71 to 68.