Conflict concept of stratification holds that inetop quality is harmful to culture bereason it creates a fixed device of winners and also losers.
You are watching: Inequality, capitalism, and stratification are key concepts of which theoretical perspective?
Learning ObjectivesCompare the dispute concept of inetop quality to the funcionalist concept of inequality
Key PointsAccording to conflict theory, capitalist economic competition unreasonably privileges the wealthy, that have the power to perpetprice an unfair mechanism that works to their advantage. “Losers” who are at the bottom of the social stratification have actually bit opportunity to enhance their case, given that those at the peak tfinish to have far even more political and financial power. Functionalists argue against the problem concept strategy by competing that people don’t always act out of financial self-interemainder, and that world who desire to succeed have the right to execute so via difficult work.
Key Termsproblem theory: A social scientific research perspective that holds that stratification is dysuseful and also harmful in society, through inehigh quality perpetuated because it benefits the rich and effective at the cost of the poor. social stratification: The hierarchical plan of social classes, or castes, within a culture. tax break: A deduction in tax that is offered in order to encourage a specific financial task or a social objective.
Conflict thinkers argue that stratification is dyssensible and harmful in society. According to problem theory, social stratification benefits the wealthy and also effective at the expense of the negative. Thus, it creates a device of winners and also losers that is preserved by those who are on the height. The people who are losers do not gain a fair chance to contend, and thus are stuck on the bottom. For example, many type of rich family members pay low wperiods to nannies to treatment for their children, to gardeners to resolve their climbed gardens, and also to maids to pick up their dirty socks. These low wage workers execute not make enough to move beyond a paycheck-to-paycheck way of life, and also have no implies to move ahead. Because of this, dispute philosophers think that this competitive mechanism, together with the method the game is “fixed”, ends up developing and perpetuating stratification units.
According to conflict theory, capitalism, an financial system based on free-market competition, particularly benefits the well-off by assuming that the “trickle down” mechanism is the ideal method to spreview the benefits of wealth throughout society. Governments that promote capitalism regularly create corporate welfare via direct subsidies, taxes breaks, and other assistance that advantage huge businesses. They assume that the sector will certainly enable these benefits to the wealthy to make their method to the negative through competition. For example, the Walton family, the owners of Wal-Mart, receives massive tax breaks. Whether the benefits of these taxes breaks have actually made their method dvery own to plain people via much better service methods or better working problems for Wal-Mart employees is questionable. Conflict theorists would argue that they haven’t, but fairly have been supplied by the Walton household to solidify the patterns of stratification that save the family rich.
Functionalists criticize this method by arguing that civilization carry out not always act mainly out of financial self-interemainder. For example, Chuck Feeney, the creator of Duty Free Shoppers, has given $4 billion to charities. Bill Gates has provided 58% of his riches to charity. Functionalists also argue that problem philosophers underestimate people’s capability to move upward in society. They argue that if human being really want to succeed, they deserve to perform so via hard work-related.
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