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The earth is divided right into imaginary lines called longitude and latitude. This system of lines was created so travelers might pinpoint exact areas anywhere the world. Latitude lines run horizontally, and longitude lines are vertical. Coordinates note wright here longitude and also latitude lines intersect, and they are measured in degrees. The beginning point for measuring latitude lines is the Equator. It is located at zero levels and marks the dividing suggest between the north and south hemispheres. The zero-degree longitude line runs through Greenwich, England and is dubbed the prime meridian. The prime meridian and the equator intersect in the South Atlantic Ocean.

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Why is the equator important?

The equator is the allude wright here we divide the north and southern hemispheres. It is also the founding allude for navigation. Lines of latitude originate at the equator and also proceed to the North Pole, 90 degrees north, and to the South Pole, 90 degrees south. The various other main separating lines of latitude are the Tropic of Cancer, 23.5 degrees north and also Tropic of Capricorn, 23.5 levels southern.

What is different around the equator?

Due to the earth’s orbit and also the rotation of its axis, the equator does not tilt towards or amethod from the sunlight. Therefore, places alengthy the equator execute not have longer or shorter days, nor carry out they have periods. Places in the North Hemispright here, for instance, have periods marked by the solstice and equinox, wbelow the sunlight is during various times of the year. This is not true for the equator. Tright here, the day is always 12 hrs long. The sunlight rises and sets at the same time eexceptionally day and are the fastest sunrises and also sunsets in the people.

The word equator comes from the Latin word “aequare”, which indicates to make equal. It is a straightforward means to remember that the equator is equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole and also that its days and also nights are equal lengths, 12 hours.

Who lives alengthy the equator?

Many of the equator’s virtually 25,000 miles is in the sea. There are 13 nations that lie alengthy the equator. They are dispersed through South America, Africa and Asia and also encompass, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Sao Tome and also Principe, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

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Fun facts about the equator

With continuous sun, it is straightforward to imagine that it is very hot alengthy the equator’s good circle. But, in reality, tright here is scurrently in the mountains of Equador. And, fifty percent of the world’s rainwoodlands are situated on the equator, mainly in Brazil, Indonesia and Congo. Tright here are likewise myths around the equator, favor the moon flips upside down once crossing the equator, which is not true. The moon may appear various in each hemisphere based on your orientation, yet it has not flipped. Tbelow are likewise seafaring legends about rituals to percreate if crossing the equator. These ceremonies, that are shelp to pay tribute to King Neptune, are actually genuine and map ago to the Center Ages.