Hasan and also Hynds stupassed away exactly how social worths and methods shaped teacherinspiration in which country?




D. Maldives

In Maldives, teacher inspiration links to all the adhering to determinants EXCEPT:

A.social factors

B. personalfactors

C.economic factors

D. politicalfactors

Hasan and also Hynds discovered a solid correlation in between teacher impetus andcultural pressures. Which of the adhering to IS TRUE?

A. teachers remainon the island rather than searching for work in various other areas out of respect foraging caregivers

B.teacher parent relationships and also a sense of neighborhood in the school perform notmirror family connections

C.teachers put little initiative right into helping their students achieve success

D.teachers have actually an independent design of the self and do not count on familymembers to meet their duties at home

Motivation is:

A.our capability to understand also and also perceive emotions

B. an internalstate that guides our habits to acquire the goal

C.our capacity to understand social norms and also values

D.our capacity to adapt to our environment

Melissa is a good duty version for her team mates. She desires to make sure herteam does well and also wins the conference championship. Her desire to acquire thisgoal is defined as:

A.intrinsic motivation

B. extrinsicmotivation

C. adrive

D. aneed

Kevin really enjoys riding motorcycles. It provides him excellent personalsatisfactivity. His desire to ride motorcycles connects to which of thefollowing?

A.extrinsic motivation

B. adrive

C. intrinsicmotivation

D. aneed

Human beings seek out a sense of belonging also satisfying feelings ofhunger and also thirst. These are examples of a(n):



C. need

D.extrinsic motivation

Ali takes morning classes even though she never has actually time for breakrapid. Herstomach grumbles and also feels empty to the allude where she feels the should eat.This is an instance of a(n):


B. drive


D.extrinsic motivation

Marissa is placing an excellent deal of energy into her schooljob-related. She wants tomake the Dean’s List at her university. The variable motivating her to be a goodstudent is a(n):

A. incentive




Which of the adhering to IS NOT a model of motivation?



C.expectations value

D. psychoanalytical

Masluggish believed people strive to lead a fulfilling life. According to hispower structure of requirements, which of the following IS TRUE?

A.safety and defense demands should be met before standard needs

B.belonging and affiliation demands need to be met after self-esteem needs

C.aesthetic demands are a greater require then self-actualization

D. transcendence isthe ultimate achievement

The goal of self-actualization is to:


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B.reach our maximum cognitive potential

C.understand also cultural values and practices

D.attain ego mastery

Which of the following IS TRUE around Maslow’s pecking order of needs?

A.the design connects to an interdependent model of the self

B. the modelconnects to an independent version of the self

C.it is pertinent to all individuals

D.it parallels Hofstede’s dimensions for social comparison

Which individual thought that humans learn abilities and skills throughendure and either develop or suppush those habits based upon theafter-effects of those behaviors?



C. Skinner


You obtain verbal praise from your caregivers as soon as you behave accordingly.This positive reinforcement connects to motivation as a(n):

A. incentive

B.extrinsic motivation



Which of the adhering to IS TRUE around Skinner’s reinforcement theory?

A.it emphasizes inner needs

B.it emphasizes internal drives

C. it concentratechild extrinsic motivation

D.it emphasizes intrinsic motivation

The 3 goals of goal theory and success inspiration encompass all of thecomplying with EXCEPT:

A.mastery goals

B.performance goals

C.social goals

D. intrinsic goals

Santino is the best player on his soccer team. He knows that he has actually betterabilities than the various other players on his team. According to goal theory andsuccess motivation models, Santino is focusing on which goal?

A.mastery goals

B. performance goals

C.social goals

D.intrinsic goals

Oliver is a reworn down engineer. He is returning to institution to learn a newlanguage. His desire to learn a new language connects to which of the followingpurposes and also an success design of motivation?

A. mastery goals

B.performance goals

C.social goals

D.intrinsic goals

Which of the adhering to objectives associated with achievement models connects withintrinsic motivation?

A. mastery goals

B.performance goals

C.social goals

D.intrinsic goals

Cultural norms and also worldviews affect whether human being pursue mastery orperformance goals. Which of the following illustprices this point?

A.Michael wants to do better at math so he takes an simpler course so that he willnot have actually obstacle.

B.Michele desires to learn a brand-new language.

C.Stefano does well at college in order to earn a scholarship

D. Jess does wellat school to carry honor and also integrity to her family

In their catalyst version, Eccles and colleagues affix the achievementrelated choices students make to 2 sets of perceptual ideas. The abilityself-concept is:

A.the worth a perboy attaches to obtainable strategies to achieve a goal

B. afeeling of belonging

C.finding out for one’s very own personal interest

D. a person’sexpectations for success and also capacity to perform a task

Marissa really enjoys doing Sudoku number puzzles. In the expectations valuedesign of catalyst this would certainly be a(n):

A.capability self-concept

B. subjective taskvalue

C.sense of belonging

D.mastery goal

Which of the following people presented attribution theory right into theliterature?


B. Weiner



Cognitive models of incentive explain:

A.people’s extrinsic motivations

B.people’s intrinsic motivations

C.the value people location on percreating particular tasks

D. the reasonsand/or causes of human being successes and also failures

Cultural standards and also expectations shape the attributions human being make about theirhabits. Which of the adhering to illustrates this point?

A.many European-American parents think their youngsters are academicallysuccessful bereason they job-related hard

B.many Eastern parental fees believe their youngsters are academically successful becauseof their natural talents

C.many European-Amerihave the right to parents think their youngsters are academicallyeffective because they desire to lug honor to their family

D. many type of Asianparental fees believe their children are academically successful because the childperseveres and works hard

Cultural models of the self form the attributions civilization make about theiractions. Which of the complying with statements illustprices this point?

A. in the culturalversion of an independent self, the individual strives to increase self-esteemand produce a positive image

B.in the cultural model of an interdependent self, the individual strives toincrease self-esteem and create a positive image

C.as soon as the independent self does well at a job, the self experiences humility

D.as soon as the interdependent self does well at a job, the self experiences humility

Which of the complying with people believe that we learn actions fromobserving others in our social worlds?




D. Bandura

Self-efficacy relates to:

A.our ability to seek out tasks our own enjoyment

B. our confidencein our own abilities to fix problems

C. ourdesire to look for self-improvement

D.our relationships and social interactions

An employer gives her employees individual bonuses for their job-related performance.This is an instance of a(n):



C. extrinsicincentive

D.intrinsic incentive

Many type of early childhood educators reward their students with stickers as soon as theboy behaves appropriately. This is an example of a(n):



C. extrinsicincentive

D.intrinsic incentive

Which of the following IS TRUE about incentives?

A. the usage andeffectiveness of incentives varies across cultures

B.extrinsic motivation is regularly much better than intrinsic motivation

C.for many Japanese workers a monetary bonus is more reliable as an incentivethan respect

D.for many type of Latin Amerideserve to employees a financial bonoffers more effective as anmotivation than time off to be with family

In a classroom setting, a mainstream America method to motivating studentsmight include:

A. pincreasing a childin front of his or her classmates

B.criticizing a son in front of his or her classmates

C.stating the child’s faitempt in front of his or her classmates

D.critiquing a child’s job-related in front of his or her classmates

One goal of the Bridging Cultures Project was expected to enhance teachers’classroom behaviors and methods. Participating teachers functioned mostly inthe school device that offered mainly children from which social heritages?

A.Asian, Asian-American


C. Latino,Mexican-American

D.Native American

The Bridging Cultures Project highlights the importance of:

A. connectingchildren’s lived realities at residence with those at school

B.giving youngsters via extrinsic motivators and also incentives

C.giving children through intrinsic motivators and incentives

D.reducing the role of teachers in children’s academic success

There is support for the position that cultural techniques at house intersectthrough socioeconomic determinants. Fernald and also colleagues uncovered that:

A.European-Amerihave the right to better earnings caregivers rarely communicate their youngsters inconversation

B.Latino higher income paleas rarely connect their kids in conversation

C.European-Amerideserve to and Latino higher revenue caregivers communicate their children inmore conversation then lower revenue caregivers do

D.reduced earnings European-Amerihave the right to and Latino caregivers engage their children inmore conversation then higher earnings caregivers in both teams do

Tright here is proof to assistance that Asian youngsters outpercreate students from othernations. Which statement illustrates the link in between cultural valuesand practices and Eastern children’s success at school?

A. children want tocarry out well and also not disapallude their parents who have actually sacrificed for theirchildren’s academic success

B.teacher practices in the classroom focus upon conceptual knowledge

C.teachers encourage small participating team learning

D.youngsters want to carry out well to rise their very own self-esteem

Stereokinds are:

A.culture specific prescriptions for how each sex should behave

B.characteristics that we assign to our success and failure

C.crucial to finding out theory models of motivation

D. commonly heldbeliefs, attributes and also traits that world attribute to a totality grmuzic-ivan.info

The belief that all Asian students are better achievers is an example of a(n):

A.gender role


C. stereotype

D.stereotypical threat

Stereotypical danger happens when:

A.an individual self-esteem is enhanced after an accomplishment

B. an individualconcerns over being judged according to an adverse stereotype

C.we faicaused accomplish social expectations for behavior

D.we carry out not meet our paleas expectations for scholastic success

Aronson and also colleagues asked two grmuzic-ivan.infos of European-Amerihave the right to college studentsthat excelled in math to complete a math test. Participants believe the testwould certainly measure their math abilities. One participant team was a regulate grmuzic-ivan.info.The various other grmuzic-ivan.info was told the math test would certainly help them understand why Asianstudents seem to carry out well on this test. What did the researchers find?

A.students in both teams perdeveloped well

B. the team thatobtained the stereotypical threat underperformed the regulate grmuzic-ivan.info

C.the regulate grmuzic-ivan.info underperformed the stereotypical threat grmuzic-ivan.info

D.students in both grmuzic-ivan.infos performed poorly

Which students are prone to stereotypical threat?

A.underachieving students

B.good students

C.students from minority grmuzic-ivan.infos

D. all students

Industrial-organizational psychologists interested in the organizational sideside of the subfield work-related in which of the following areas?

A.employee selection

B. workerproductivity

C.project performance

D.hiring practices

Increasing worker performance connects to which of the adhering to concepts?


B.stereotypical threat

C. motivation


All of the adhering to are extrinsic incentives designed to increase productivityin the workpressure EXCEPT:

A.stock options

B. abetter salary

C. amonetary bonus

D. volunteering tooccupational in a agency charity event

Although many type of Amerihave the right to workers choose financials incentives, many kind of Swedishworkers like vacation time. This says that the perception and also experienceof incentives:

A.is similar throughout all social context

B. is culturallymediated

C.has actually no link to social worths or norms

D.relates to a community’s financial situation

There is a link between cultural worths and also models, alternative, and intrinsicimpetus. Which of the following illustprices the statement?

A. manyEuropean-Amerihave the right to children are likely to execute much better at a task when they chooseit themselves quite than once an adult chooses it for them

B.many type of Asian-Amerihave the right to children are likely to carry out better at a task once they chooseit themselves quite than as soon as an adult chooses it for them

C.many kind of European American children get involved in cultural methods thatemphasize loyalty and fulfilling social obligations

D.many type of Asian American youngsters get involved in social methods that emphasizeself-expression and flexibility of choice

Sledge, Miles, and Coppage explored the partnership between society and also jobsatisfaction. They wanted to test the Western Herberg’s Two Factor Theory ofincentive in other social settings. In which nation did they perform theresearch?



C. Brazil


In their job-related Sledge, Miles, and Copweb page discovered many type of of Herberg’s Two FactorTheory of incentive ethics were prevalent in their Brazilian sample. Therewere likewise social distinctions. They uncovered that for Brazilian employees:

A.agency loyalty was not important

B.collaborative work experiences were not important

C. supervision andwork-related relationships did not attach to job dissatisfaction

D.did not take pride in their work

When teachers incorporate children’s social values and also heritages and toclassroom practice:

A.youngsters see their cultural means is inferior to those at school

B.kids to their cultural ways as contradictory to those at school

C.kids feeling of self-worth decreases

D. children dobetter at school

In their examine on scholastic success in the USA Boykin andcolleagues decided four cultural themes to examine. They included all the followingEXCEPT:

A.individualistic discovering or functioning alone

B.competitive activities

C.participating learning

D. teacher led activities

In their research, Boykin and colleagues addressed the misconception thatAfrican-Amerideserve to children execute not worth achievement. Their findings revealed allthe following EXCEPT:

A.African-American kids wanted students that demonstrated team orientedvalues

B. African-Americanchildren valued accomplishment once they can reach their goals and culturallyproper and also valued ways

C.African-Amerihave the right to children preferred students that demonstrated individualisticand also competitive values and behaviors

D.teachers require not think about incorporating children’s social worths andtechniques they experience at house into classroom activities

Greenfield and also Quiroz compared personal achievement values across differentethnic grmuzic-ivan.infos in the United States. They explored just how educational experienceforms cultural values. They utilized 2 social relation trends.Gemeinschaft relates to:


B. community



Greenarea and also Quiroz compared personal accomplishment worths across differentethnic grmuzic-ivan.infos in the United States. They explored just how educational experienceshapes social worths. They utilized 2 social relation trends.Gesellschaft relates to:

A. society




The social relation pattern, Gemeinschaft connects to all the adhering to EXCEPT:

A.rural life

B.home-based education

C.cultural practices assistance an interdependent self

D. competitionin between members

The social relation pattern, Gemeinschaft connects to:

A. rural life

areliance upon technology

C.formal schooling experiences

D.social methods that assistance an independent self

Greenarea and also Quiroz linked social relation fads to family members valuesystems. Which values connect to Gemeinschaft settings?

A. familistic



D.individual achievement

According to Greenfield and Quiroz, many kind of Latino immigrants and also their childrenrelocating in the US suffer tension as an outcome of:

A.moving from Gesellschaft to Gemeinschaft settings

B. moving fromGemeinschaft to Gesellschaft settings

C.individualistic worth devices to familistic value systems

D.trying to find work

In many kind of Latino houses, paleas give their kids equal praise regardmuch less oftheir actual work-related contributions. This relates in component to the focus upon:

A.gemeinschaft values

B.gesellschaft values

C.individualistic values

D. familisticvalues

Important findings from Greenfield and also Quiroz’s occupational include all the adhering to EXCEPT:

A.Latino children’s school experiences emphasize individualistic values; howeverthey still relied upon the found holistic worths they learned home

B.parents’ educational experiences form their views around achievement

C. intergrmuzic-ivan.infocontact between kids of various ethnic heritperiods does not lead to anyreadjust in behavior

D.their study has actually used worth for boosting children’s discovering experiences atschool

The Kamehameha elementary education and learning regime shares parallels through which of thecomplying with programs?

A. Bridging CulturesProject

B.The Gemeinschaft Project

C.The Gesellschaft Project

D.The Indigenous Cultures Project

What is one trouble Hawaiian kids challenge in schools with respect to schoolaccomplishment and academic success?

A.college curriculum

B. languageproblems

C. negative teacherperceptions

D.accessibility to public education

One significant goal of the The Kamehameha Elementary Education Program (KEEP) was:

A.to boost Hawaiian children’s language skills

B.to boost Hawaiian children’s problem-solving skills


See more: Which Set Of Adjectives Would Best Be Used To Describe The Sociological Concept Of Culture

to aid teachersincorpoprice social skills and also abilities kids learned at house intoclassroom practice

D.to help kids complete individual discovering tests

As an outcome of The Kamehameha Elementary Education Program, Jordan recommendedthat:

A. teachers behavemore the method mothers perform at home

B.teachers occupational to boost children’s language abilities

C.teachers occupational to improve children’s problem-fixing skills

D.teachers incorporate more individual discovering work and activities

Kim and also Park take an indigenous psychology approach to understand also Koreanchildren’s scholastic success. They uncovered all of the following to be true EXCEPT:

A.children were proud of doing well in school

B.parental fees were a major resource of emotional support

C.choose their paleas, students thought their success was as a result of difficult work

D. students believetheir success at institution was due to their organic abilities

Oriental youngsters share many kind of values through various other Oriental areas. All of theadhering to attach to a Korean child’s scholastic success EXCEPT:

A.loyalty to parents

B.bringing pride and honor to one’s family

C.the importance of perseverance and also difficult work

D. the importance ofreceiving rewards for individual accomplishments

Chen is a Taiwanese boy. Which adult is most most likely to monitor her academicprogress?

A. her mother

B.her father

C.her siblings

D.her grandparents

In their cross-national examine, Fang and also colleagues explored exactly how nationalculture forms student accomplishment and also student finding out outcomes. From which ofthe complying with framefunctions did they extract criteria for their study?

A.Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

B.Expectancy Value Theory

C. Hofstede’sdimensions for comparing cultures

D.Learning Theories of Motivation

In their cross-nationwide research, Fang and also colleagues explored just how nationalsociety forms student success and also student learning outcomes. Whichcriteria did they uncover to have the many influence as a predictor of studentachievement?

A.power distance

B. long-termorientation



Tbelow is a critical link in between catalyst and education. It isimportant for teachers to be culturally aware and sensitive to their studentslived experiences. Which of the following framefunctions did Ginsberg present tomotivate all children to end up being successful?

A.Bridging Cultures Project