Pūblius Ovidius Nāsō (Latin: <ˈpuːbliʊs ɔˈwɪdiʊs ˈnaːsoː>; 20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), well-known in English as Ovid (/ˈɒvɪd/ OV-id),<1> was a Roman poet that lived in the time of the power of Augustus. He was a contemporary of the older Virgil and Horace, with whom he is regularly ranked as among the three canonical poets of Latin literature. The Imperial scholar Quintilian considered him the last of the Latin love elegists.

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<2> Although Ovid took pleasure in massive popularity throughout his lifetime, the emperor Augustus baniburned him to a remote province on the Babsence Sea, wright here he remained until his fatality.The initially significant Roman poet to begin his career in the time of the power of Augustus,<3> Ovid is today best recognized for the Metamorphoses, a 15-book consistent supernatural narrative composed in the meter of epic, and for works in elegiac couplets such as Ars Amatoria ("The Art of Love") and Fasti. His poeattempt was a lot imitated throughout Late Classical times and the Middle Ages, and considerably affected Western art and also literary works. The Metamorphoses remains among the the majority of necessary resources of classical mythology.<4>

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"Linen Weaving" by Hans Splinter is licensed under CC by-ND 2.0.

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Pallas, attending to the Muse"s song,Approv"d the simply resentment of their wrong;And therefore reflects: While tamely I commendThose who their injur"d deities defend, My own divinity affronted stands,And calls aloud for justice at my hands;Then takes the hint, asham"d to lag behind,And on Arachne" bends her vengeful mind;One at the impend so excellently skill"d, That to the Goddess she refus"d to yield.Low was her birth, and little her native tvery own,She from her art alone obtain"d renown.Idmon, her father, made it his employ,To provide the spungy fleece a purple dye:Of vulgar strain her mom, lately dead, With her own rank had actually been content to wed;Yet she their daughter, tho" her time was spentIn a little hamlet, and also of expect descent,Thro" the great towns of Lydia gain"d a name,And fill"d the neighb"ring nations via her fame. Oft, to admire the niceness of her ability,The Nymphs would quit their fountain, shade, or hill:Thither, from green Tymolus, they repair,And leave the vineyards, their peculiar care; Thither, from fam"d Pactolus" golden stream,Drawn by her art, the curious Naiads came.Nor would certainly the occupational, as soon as finish"d, please so a lot,As, while she wrought, to watch each graceful touch;Whether the shapeless wool in balls she wound, Or through quick motion turn"d the spindle round,Or through her pencil attracted the neat architecture,Pallas her mianxiety shone in eexceptionally line.This the proud mhelp via scornful air denies,And ev"n the Goddess at her work-related defies;Disowns her heav"nly mistress and anxiety ev"ry hour,Nor asks her assist, nor deprecates her pow"r.Let us, she cries, yet to a tryal come,And, if she conquers, let her deal with my doom. The Goddess then a beldame"s form put on,With silver hairs her hoary temples shone;Prop"d by a staff, she hobbles in her walk,And tott"ring therefore begins her old wives" talk. Young massist attend, nor stubbornly despiseThe admonitions of the old, and also wise;For age, tho" scorn"d, a ripe endure bears,That gold fruit, unknown to blooming years:Still may remotest fame your labours crown,And mortals your superior genius own; But to the Goddess yield, and humbly meekA pardon for your bold presumption seek;The Goddess will certainly forgive. At this the mhelp,With passion fir"d, her gliding shuttle stay"d;And, darting vengeance with an angry look,To Pallas in disguise therefore fiercely spoke. Thou doating thing, whose idle babling tongueBut as well well shews the plague of living long;Hence, and also reprove, via this your sage advice,Your giddy daughter, or your awkward niece;Know, I despise your counsel, and also am stillA woguy, ever before wedded to my will;And, if your skilful Goddess better knows,Let her accept the tryal I propose. She does, impatient Pallas strait replies,And, cloath"d through heavenly light, sprung from her odd disguise.The Nymphs, and virgins of the simple adoreThe awful Goddess, and confess her pow"r;The maid alone stood unappall"d; yet show"dA transient blush, that for a moment glow"d, Then disappear"d; as purple streaks adornThe opening beauties of the rosy morn;Till Phoebus climbing prevalently bideal,Allays the tincture via his silver light.Yet she persists, and also obstinately good,In wishes of conquest hurries on her fate. The Goddess currently the challenge waves no even more,Nor, kindly great, advises as prior to.Strait to their short articles appointed both repair,And settle their threaded looms through equal care:Around the solid beam the internet is ty"d, While hollow canes the parting warp divide;Thro" which through nimble flight the shuttles play,And for the woof prepare a all set way;The woof and also warp unite, press"d by the toothy slay. Thus both, their mantles button"d to their breast,Their skilful fingers ply through willing haste,And occupational through pleasure; while they chear the eyeWith glowing purple of the Tyrian dye:Or, justly intermixing shades through light,Their colourings insensibly unite. As once a show"r transpierc"d through sunny rays,Its mighty arch along the heav"n displays;From whence a thousand also diff"rent colours increase,Whose fine shift cheats the clearemainder eyes;So like the intermingled shading appears,And only differs in the last extremes. Then threads of gold both arttotally dispose,And, as each component in simply proportion rose,Some antique fable in their work-related discshed. Pallas in numbers wrought the heav"nly Pow"rs,And Mars"s hill among th" Athenian tow"rs.On lofty thrones twice 6 celestials sate,Jove in the midst, and held their warmth debate;The topic weighty, and popular to fame,From whom the city shou"d get its name. Each God by appropriate attributes was exprest,Jove via majestick mein excell"d the rest.His three-fork"d mace the dewy sea-God shook,And, looking sternly, smote the ragged rock;When from the rock leapt forth a spritely steed,And Neptune claims the city for the deed. Herself she blazons, via a glitt"ring spear,And crested helm that veil"d her braided hair,With shield, and scaly breast-plate, implements of war.Struck through her pointed launce, the teeming EarthSeem"d to produce a brand-new surprizing birth;When, from the glebe, the pledge of conquest sprung,A tree pale-green through fairemainder ostays hung. And then, to let her giddy rival learnWhat simply rewards such boldness was to earn,Four tryals at each corner had their part,Design"d in miniature, and also touch"d via art.Haemus in one, and Rodope of ThraceTransform"d to mountains, fill"d the forethe majority of place;Who claim"d the titles of the Gods over,And vainly us"d the epithets of Jove. Another shew"d, where the Pigmaean dame,Profaning Juno"s venerable name,Turn"d to an airy crane, descends from much,And through her Pigmy topics wperiods battle.In a 3rd part, the rage of Heav"n"s excellent queen,Display"d on proud Antigone, was seen:Who through presumptuous boldness dar"d to vye,For beauty through the empush of the sky. Ah! what avails her primitive princely race,Her sire a king, and Troy her native place:Now, to a noisy stork transform"d, she flies,And via her whiten"d pinions cleaves the skies.And in the last continuing to be part was drawnPoor Cinyras that seem"d to weep in stone; Clasping the holy place procedures, he sadly mourn"dHis lovely daughters, currently to marble turn"d.With her very own tree the finish"d item is crown"d,And wreaths of tranquil olive all the job-related surround. Arachne drew the fam"d intrigues of Jove,Chang"d to a bull to gratify his love;How thro" the briny tide all foaming hoar,Lovely Europa on his back he bore.The sea seem"d waving, and also the trembling maidShrunk up her tender feet, as if afraid; And, looking ago on the forsaken strand,To her companions wafts her distant hand.Next off she design"d Asteria"s fabled rape,When Jove assum"d a soaring eagle"s shape:And shew"d just how Leda lay supinely press"d, Whilst the soft snowy swan sate hov"ring o"er her breastern,How in a satyr"s develop the God beguil"d,When fair Antiope through twins he fill"d.Then, choose Amphytrion, yet a genuine Jove,In fair Alcmena"s arms he cool"d his love. In liquid gold to Danae"s heart he came,Aegina felt him in a lambent flame.He took Mnemosyne in shepherd"s make,And for Deois was a speckled snake. She made thee, Neptune, choose a wanton steer,Pacing the meads for love of Arne dear;Next off favor a stream, thy burning flame to slake,And prefer a ram, for fair Bisaltis" sake.Then Ceres in a steed your vigour try"d,Nor cou"d the mare the yellow Goddess hide. Next off, to a fowl transform"d, you won by forceThe snake-hair"d mommy of the winged horse;And, in a dolphin"s fishy create, subdu"dMelantho sweet beneath the oozy flood. All these the maid with lively functions attracted,And open"d correct landskips to the watch.There Phoebus, roving choose a country swain,Attunes his jolly pipe alengthy the plain;For lovely Isse"s sake in shepherd"s weeds,O"er pastures green his bleating flock he feeds, Tbelow Bacchus, imag"d choose the clust"ring grape,Melting bedrops Erigone"s fair lap;And tbelow old Sarevolve, stung through youthful warm,Form"d like a stallion, rushes to the feat.Fresh flow"rs, which twists of ivy intertwine,Mingling a running foliage, cshed the neat architecture. This the bideal Goddess passionately mov"d,With envy saw, yet inwardly approv"d.The scene of heav"nly guilt via haste she tore,Nor longer the affront via patience bore;A boxen shuttle in her hand she took,And even more than once Arachne"s forehead struck. Th" unhappy maid, impatient of the wrong,Down from a beam her injur"d perboy hung;When Pallas, pitying her wretched state,At when prevented, and pronounc"d her fate:Live; yet depfinish, vile wretch, the Goddess cry"d,Doom"d in suspence for ever before to be ty"d;That all your race, to uta lot of day of time,May feel the vengeance, and also detest the crime. Then, going off, she sprinkled her via juice,Which leaves of baneful aconite develop.Touch"d via the pois"nous drug, her flowing hairFell to the ground, and also left her holy places bare;Her usual attributes vanish"d from their area,Her body lessen"d all, however a lot of her challenge. Her slender fingers, hanging on each sideWith many kind of joynts, the usage of legs supply"d:A spider"s bag the rest, from which she givesA threview, and still by consistent weaving lives.