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In celebration of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday (February 12) and also President"s Day (February 19), we’re taking a look earlier at the many faces of our nation’s initially authorized coin.
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The one-cent coin, or the penny, was the first money authorized by the United States. According to pennies.org, “The first one-cent coin was struck in 1787 by a private mint. This coin, known as the Fugio cent, was 100 percent copper and this complace would continue until the mid-1800s. Paul Revere, a listed blacksmith, provided some of the copper for one-cent coins minted during the early 1790s.”
The name “Fugio” comes from the engraving, which suggests “I flee/fly” in Latin. The earlier of the coin depicts thirteen linked rings to reexisting the 13 original colonies and the words “We Are One” in the center. This style had reportedly been argued by Benjamin Franklin.
In 1856, the flying eagle cent was presented. The coin was designed by Mint Chief Engraver James B. Longacre, with the eagle in trip based upon the job-related of Longacre"s predecessor, Christian Gobrecht. It was smaller sized than the Fugio cent and also instead of 100 percent, this coin was 88 percent copper and also 12 percent nickel.
The Indian Cent, or Indian Head Cent, produced in 1859 depicted an Indian princess on the obverse. A well-known story about its design clintends a visiting Indian chief lent the designer"s daughter his hedeal with so she might pose as the Indian princess. Many Indian cents produced during the Civil War went mostly to pay Union soldiers. After the Civil War, in 1864, the composition of the one-cent coin was readjusted to 95 percent copper and 5 percent zinc.
In 1909, Abraham Lincoln was the first historical number to be featured on a UNITED STATE coin as soon as he was illustrated on the penny for his 100th birthday. The Lincoln penny was additionally the first coin to feature the phrase “In God We Trust.” Lincoln’s profile on the penny was designed by Victor David Brenner based off of an 1864 photograph of Abraham Lincoln.
In 1958, a brand-new design by Frank Gasparro featured the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on the back of the penny. The brand-new design was released in 1959 in celebration of Lincoln’s 150th birthday.
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In 2010, the ago of the penny was redesigned aobtain to feature a union shield. The design was selected by the CCAC. According to the Mint,
the 13 stripes on the shield "recurrent the says joined in one compact union to support the Federal government, represented by the horizontal bar above." The brand-new reverse was designed by artist Lyndall Bassand sculpted by U.S. Mint sculptor-engraver Joseph Menna.For even more fun with pennies, visit the Cinnaminson muzic-ivan.inforary’s STEM cart to make your incredibly own penny spinner!