Thomas Nast is known as the "Father of the Amerideserve to Cartoon," having produced satirical art in the time of the 1nine century that critiqued slaextremely and also crime.

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Who Was Thomas Nast?

Thomas Nast was born in Germany and also his family moved to New York City about the time he was 6. Nast did poorly in college, preferring drawing to schoolwork, and also ultimately dropped out. In 1855 he landed his first illustration task, and also several years later joined the staff of Harper's Weekly. While there, Nast conveniently made a name for himself as a political cartoonist, focusing on such topics as the Civil War, slavery and also corruption. Nast would additionally become well-known for the modern depiction of Santa Claus as a jolly, rotund guy living at the North Pole. In 1886, Nast left Harper's Weekly and also dropped on difficult times. In 1902, he was appointed basic counsel to Ecuador. While in that nation, he contracted yellow fever before and also died on December 7, 1902.


Early Life

Born on September 27, 1840, in Landau, Germany type of, cartoonist Thomas Nast was best well-known for his effective sketches of the Civil War and his influential political imperiods. Around the age of 6, Nast moved to the United States via his mother and also sister, and also they settled in New York City. His father joined the family several years later on.


From a very early age, Nast showed an interemainder in drawing. He preferred doodling over doing his homeoccupational and also proved to be a bad student, inevitably dropping out of constant school about the age of 13. He then stupassed away for a time at the National Academy of Art, however as soon as his family members could no longer afford his tuition, Nast checked out work, landing a task in 1855 doing illustrations for Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.


Influential Political Cartoonist

In 1862, Nast joined the staff of Harper's Weekly as an artist. He operated for the publication for roughly 25 years. Early in his career there, Nast earned accase for his depictions of the Civil War. President Abraham Lincoln as soon as described him as the "finest recruiting sergeant" for the Union reason bereason his sketches motivated others to sign up with the fight.


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Boss Tweed

By the 1870s, Nast mostly concentrated his initiatives on political cartoons. He led a crusade versus corruption, using his imeras to aid remove William Maequipment "Boss" Tweed and also his peers from power. Tweed ran the Democratic Party in New York. In September 1871, Nast portrayed Tweed, New York Mayor A. Oakey Hall and also a number of others as a group of vultures neighboring a corpse labeled "New York." The cartoon supposedly upcollection Tweed so much that he readily available Nast a bribe of $500,000 (100 times Nast's annual salary at the time) to leave town. Nast refprovided and ongoing to attract attention to Tweed's misdeeds. Ultimately, it was Tweed who fled the nation, to stop prosecution.


Republican/Democratic Party symbols and Santa Claus

Throughout his time at Harper's Weekly, Nast also produced the still-popular images of the Democratic Party stood for by a donvital and also the Republideserve to Party by an elephant. Nast is additionally believed to be responsible for the modern-day representation of Santa Claus as a jolly, rotund male in a red suit, and also to be the first to have said that Santa can be discovered at the North Pole and also that kids could send him their wish lists tbelow.

Final Years and Death

After parting methods through Harper's Weekly in 1886, Nast shortly fell on hard times. His illustration job-related began to dry up and also his investments failed, eventually leaving him and also his household virtually destitute. In 1902, Nast got help from his longtime frifinish Theodore Roosevelt, who appointed him the place of U.S. counsel basic for Ecuador. Nast hoped that this brand-new position would allow him earn enough to pay off some debts and assist his household.

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Unfortunately, as soon as Nast arrived in Ecuador that July, the country was in the middle of a yellow fever before outbreak. Nast contracted the illness in December and also gave in to the illness quickly after, on December 7, 1902. In spite of his tragic end, he is still remembered as one of the many effective political cartoonists of all time.

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