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nationwide flag consisting of a red area with a crossed gold hammer and also sickle in the upper hoist corner and beneath a gold-bordered red star. The flag’s width-to-size proportion is 1 to 2.

In the early days of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolsheviks considered the Red Banner to be adequate as a symbol for their ideological commitment to area all authority in the hands of employees and also peasants. A ordinary red flag had actually first been used as a symbol of well-known rights against autocratic federal governments throughout the French Revolution. The Red Banner came to be associated via socialist activities and protests throughout Europe in the 19th century; notably, it was adopted as the official flag of the Paris Commune of 1871. However before, after the victory of Marxist-Leninist forces in Russia, it became more very closely determined via communist motions, and social-democratic parties often sought various other symbols.

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On April 14, 1918, the freshly developed Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic embraced the Red Banner via the initials (or name) of the state in the top hoist edge in gold lettering. Comparable flags were offered by Soviet regimes in Belorussia (now Belarus), Ukraine, and Transcaucasia (i.e., Georgia, Armenia, and also Azerbaijan). The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R., or Soviet Union) was produced on December 31, 1922. The Soviet constitution mandated the nationwide flag’s style, and also that flag, through minor changes, was reliable from January 31, 1924, to the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 31, 1991 (although the Russian flag reput the Soviet one on the Kremlin in Moscow on December 25). The hammer and also sickle represented, respectively, workers and peasants, and also the star symbolized the ultimate goal of worldwide communist victory.