Along via the Vice President, the President"s Cabinet members are his most crucial advisors. This photo mirrors President Reagan, Vice President Bush, and Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

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Even the experts can not agree on the complete number of federal federal government agencies, comgoals, and also departments.

Most estimates imply tright here are probably even more than 2,000 of these. They each have actually an area of field of expertise — some much wider than others — but their duties often overlap, making administration more challenging. To complicate things even even more, many kind of agencies have actually counterparts at the state and also regional level. Its dimension, complexity, and overlapping duties leave the federal bureaucracy open to continuous attempts to reorganize and also streamline.

Congress has the power to develop, organize, and disband also all federal agencies. Most of them are under the manage of the President, although few of them actually have direct contact through the White Housage. So, the administration has two masters — Congress and the President. The administration generally drops into 4 wide types: Cabinet departments, federal government corporations, independent agencies, and regulatory commissions

Cabinet departments
Department of State Treasury Department Department of Defense Department of Justice Department of the Interior Department of Agrisociety Department of Commerce Department of Labor Department of Transportation Department of Homaking use of and Urban Advancement Department of Health and also Human being Services Department of Energy Department of Education Department of Veterans AffairsDepartment of Homeland Security

The Cabinet Departments

The 15 Cabinet departments are each headed by a Secretary who sits on the President"s Cabinet. The exception is the Justice Department, which is headed by the Attorney General, who is additionally a member of the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries are responsible for directing the department"s plan and for overseeing its operation. Cabinet secretaries are generally torn in between their obligations as presidential advisers and heads of their departments.

As the initially woguy Cabinet member, Frances Perkins served for 12 years, helping draft legislation such as the Social Security Act and also the initially federal minimum wage legislations.

Each has a unique location of policy, although their duties are still exceptionally wide. The organization of each is quite facility, yet they have actually some points in widespread. All Secretaries have actually a Deputy or Undersecretary, and a hold of Assistant Secretaries, who all straight major programs within the department.

Many departments are separated right into bureaus, departments, and sections. For instance, the FBI lies within the domajor of the Justice Department, and also the Secret Service is presently within the Treasury Departmeny agency, yet soon to be moved under the auseasonings of the Department of Homeland also Security .

Government Corporations

Government corporations do not belengthy to any department — they stand also on their own. Probably the best-recognized government corporations are the USA Postal Service and also Amtrak. They are various from various other agencies in that they are businesses produced by Congress, and also they charge fees for their solutions. Like any kind of various other company, government corporations have actually personal competition — such as Federal Express and United Parcel Service — and periodically state competition — such as the New Jersey Transit Authority.

At the time of its production, NASA was assumed by many to be a defense-related company. Today, it brings countries together in highly publicized initiatives prefer the Internationwide Void Station shown right here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies carefully resemble Cabinet departments, but they are smaller and much less facility. Generally, they have narrower areas of duty than perform Cabinet departments. Most of these agencies are not free from presidential manage and are independent only in the feeling that they are not component of a department.

Congress creates them as separate agencies for many kind of factors, useful as well as symbolic. For instance, as soon as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was established, many members of Congress assumed that it would be a component of the Department of Defense. However, it is an independent agency because the space regime has many other functions than the defense of the nation.

The ATF (now the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and also Explosives) was moved from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Justice in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies manage important components of the economic situation, making rules for big industries and also businesses that affect the interests of the public. Because regulatory comobjectives are "watchdogs" that by their extremely nature should run individually, they are not component of a department, and also the President does not straight manage most of them. Each commission has actually from 5 to 11 members appointed by the President, however the President cannot rerelocate them for the size of their terms in office.

Examples of these commissions are the Securities and Exadjust Commission, which regulates the stock sector, brokers, and also investment practices. Another renowned commission is the Federal Reserve Board that governs the nation"s monetary policy. The Environmental Protection Agency serves as a guardian over the nation"s setting, making and also enforcing requirements for the commercial and commercial sectors.

With over 2,000 various agencies, the federal bureaucracy is nearly certain to run right into troubles through company, overlapping responsibilities, and effectiveness. Ala lot of every recent President has actually come into office identified to refashion and trim the bureaucracy. However, none has actually been able to make more than minor adjustments. Well-establiburned agencies have lives of their very own, and are difficult to change. Besides, the country has actually big, facility, needs requiring special attention. A big administration is a part of the government"s attempt to meet those needs.


NASA Homepage
The National Aeronautics and Gap Administration, according to its website, is an investment in America"s future. Explore this significant website, from its pperiods on space flight to womales in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for even more neat stuff than you might visit in someday. Don"t miss out on out on the Flash movie of NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which have the right to be perceived on Windows Media Player.

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The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
What happens if your bank goes bankrupt? You obtain your money back — if your financial institution is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Because 1933, the FDIC has actually been maintaining America"s faith in its financial organizations alive. Take a look at the company and also browse its main webwebsite below.

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UNITED STATE Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpboy makes the meltdown of a nuclear reactor in a power plant seem funny, but in fact it have the right to cause global devastation. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for making sure that power plants are safe from the moment they are constructed to the moment that they are shut dvery own. Take a look at what they do at their main webwebsite.

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The Securities and Exchange Commission
The stock industry crash of 1929 crippled the UNITED STATE economic situation and devaproclaimed the resides of countless Americans. What did the government execute to make certain that something like that never before happens again? They founded the Securities and Exadjust Commission, which oversees investment methods of Amerihave the right to businesses. If you have an interemainder in the stock market, it"s worth your time to wade through this main website.

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Federal Trade Commission
You"ve checked out the board game Monopoly, yet did you understand that actual monopolies are commonly illegal? The Federal Trade Commission makes sure that carriers follow the legislation, usage fair company methods, and do not deceive the customer. They also protect consumers by investigating complaints and also educating us about what to look out for. The FTC"s main website renders for an amazing check out for anyone who might execute business in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you gaining your money"s worth? Check right here prior to you make a purchase to uncover out just how you can be hoodwinked if you aren"t mindful.
DefenseLink — The UNITED STATE Department of Defense
With the Military, Air Force, Naval Corps, and the Navy under its auspices, the Department of Defense is the part of the federal government assigned to keeping national defense. Its main webwebsite has peras on such risks to the U.S. as tools of mass damage and also anthrax, and virtual memorials to fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and also much more.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The head honchos of each military branch comprise the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who advise the President on armed forces matters. Find out around the complace and also ideology of the company right here.
The USA Department of Justice
Attorney General Janet Reno and also her office are responsible for finding and also prosecuting federal criminals. The main Department of Justice webwebsite is complete of exciting information, consisting of the FBI"s a lot of wanted list and pages on hot topics from school violence to the death penalty.

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UNITED STATE State Department
Even though just 1% of the national budgain goes to global affairs, the State Department does some of the most publicized government-connected occupational in the nation. The exact same company that represents the UNITED STATE in the United Nations is responsible for negotiating profession agreements and also also issuing passports and also visas. Take a look at some of the State Department"s current projects at their official website.

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USA Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury Department monitors the government"s bank accounts, prints money, and also investigateways taxes evasion, among many various other duties. Find out the answers to all your concerns about one of the earliest offices in the U.S. government at their main webwebsite.

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