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Panama City, Spanish Panamá or Ciudad de Panamá, capital of the Republic of Panama. It is situated in the east-main part of the nation close to the Pacific Ocean terminus of the Panama Canal, on the Gulf of Panama. Area city, 38.5 square miles (100 square km). Pop. (2010) city, 430,299; (2010 est.) urban agglomeration, 1,378,000.



The site of the future city was initially an Indian fishing village; the name Panamá means “many type of fish.” The old city (Panamá Viejo) was founded in 1519 by Gov. Pedro Arias Dávila and also was made the seat of both secular and ecclesiastical authority. From the Andean nations bullion was shipped northward by sea to Panama City, and also from tright here it was brought across the isthmus by pack animals to Nombre de Dios or Portobelo on the Caribbean coastline for distribution to Spain. The city flourished till the depredations of piprices and privateers curtailed trade. In 1595 Sir Francis Drake tried uneffectively to sfinish a force across the isthmus to sack old Panama; in 1671, yet, Henry (afterward Sir Henry) Mbody organ totally damaged it.


Modern structures in the city include the Palace of Justice, La Presidencia, the National Palace, and the hotel El Panamá. Panama City is the seat of the nationwide university (started 1935), the College of Santa María la Antigua (1965), and colleges of dance, music, art, and also theatre associated via the National Institute of Culture. There are a number of academies, libraries, museums, and also study institutes. The Gorgas Memorial Laboratory of Tropical and also Preventive Medicine was establimelted tbelow in 1928. In addition, the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (founded 1923) is based in Ancón.

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