The major difference between canyon and valley is that canyons are deeper and also have steeper sides than valleys.

You are watching: What is the difference between a valley and a canyon

Canyons and valleys are two landcreates created by running rivers and erosion. A valley is a depressed area of land also between hills or hills, while a canyon is a deep and narrowhead valley having steep sides.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is a Canyon – Definition, Features 2. What is a Valley – Definition, Features 3. Similarities Between Canyon and Valley – Outline of Typical Features 4. Difference Between Canyon and also Valley – Comparichild of Key Differences

What is a Canyon?

A canyon is a deep, narrowhead valley having steep sides. The name canyon originates from the Spanish word cañon, interpretation “tube” or “pipe.” Canyons have the right to be created as a result of processes of weathering and also erosion, motion of rivers, and tectonic activity. They have the right to be discovered in assorted sizes – from huge trenches to narrowhead slits. They have extremely steep sides and tend to be incredibly deep. Gorge is another word we use to describe canyons. But gorges tfinish to be smaller sized than canyons.

*

Erosion is a major cause of the formation of canyons. When a river’s flow of water erodes soil and rocks over thousands of years, this creates a canyon or valley. A few of the biggest canyons in the world have actually been created in dry locations by swift streams fed by melting snow or rain from chillier and wetter locations. Because tright here is bit surconfront water or rain to wear them dvery own, the walls remajor unstable and steep. The Grand Canyon in Arizona, the Fish River Canyon in Namibia, the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon in Tibet, and also the Kings Canyon in Northern Territory Australia are some examples of canyons.

Canyons have the right to likewise be discovered deep underwater. We call these submarine canyons. They are situated alengthy the borders of continents and also in some sea islands. The deepest submarine canyon is the Grand Bahama Canyon, which in the Atlantic Ocean near the Bahamas.

What is a Valley

A valley is a low area of land also in between hills or hills, typically with a river or stream flowing through it. It is a depressed area of land–scoured and also waburned out by pressures of gravity, water, and also ice. It normally takes the form of a U or V. Additionally, it has a “head” (wbelow it starts from in the hills or hills) “, sides” (rises up on either side) and also a “floor” (wright here the valley is mostly flat).

*

Rivers and streams deserve to form valleys with steep-walled sides and also a narrowhead floor, which usually have a V shape. The steepness of the sides and the width of the valley floor are established by the gradient of the river. Many kind of civilizations in the civilization began from valleys due to their proximity to rivers and also the fertile soil in the valleys.


Similarities Between Canyon and also Valley

Canyons are a form of valleys.They are formed by running rivers and also shifting glaciers.

Difference Between Canyon and also Valley

Definition

A canyon is a deep, narrowhead valley having actually steep sides, while a valley is a low area of land between hills or mountains, generally through a river or stream flowing with it.

Depth and Steepness

Canyons are deeper and have actually steeper sides than valleys.

Examples

The Grand also Canyon in Arizona, the Yarlung Zangbo Grand also Canyon in Tibet, the Fish River Canyon in Namibia, and also the Kings Canyon in Northern Territory Australia while Kashmir valley in India, Great Appalachian Valley and Yosemite Valley in the US, and Jiuzhaigou Valley in China examples of valleys.

Conclusion

Canyons are a form of valley. The major distinction between canyon and valley is that canyons are deeper and also have actually steeper sides than valleys.

See more: What Is A Valence Electron And Why Are They Important To A Chemist?

Reference:

1. “Canyon.” National Geographic Society, 9 Oct. 2012, Available here. 2. “Valleys.” Science, National Geographic, 10 Feb. 2021, Available below.

Image Courtesy: