Chapter 3: Your Driving

Good driving is based upon exercise and being alert at the wheel. When driving, you must make certain that nopoint interferes with your capacity to view the road, react to situations or run your auto effectively. You need to look dvery own the road, to the sides and behind your automobile and also be alert for unmeant events. Be alert to what is going on around you and also perform not take your eyes off the road for even more than a couple of secs at the moment. Do not have objects inside your auto that could interfere with your capacity to drive safely. This might include objects that obstruct your view of the road or mirrors.

You are watching: When you are driving on an expressway the greatest danger is

Bad Driving Habits: Good vehicle drivers build behavior that emphasis their complete attention on driving. Some vehicle drivers deserve to build poor habits that have the right to be exceptionally dangerous as soon as driving.

Some negative behavior that take your attention ameans from driving are:

Driving ill, upcollection or angry.Driving while eating or drinking.Driving while adjusting the radio or transforming CDs/tapes.Driving while calling, answering or talking on a mobile phone.Reading while driving.

Getting Ready to Drive

Before you begin your engine:

Make certain all home windows are clean. Remove anything that blocks your watch of the road.Adjust the seat so you deserve to reach all controls.Adjust the inside and exterior rearsee mirrors. You must not need to lean forward or backward to use them.Lock all car doors.Put on your safety belts. Ask all passengers to perform the very same.Make sure your vehicle is in park or neutral gear before beginning the engine.

Never move your vehicle until you have actually looked in front, behind and also to the side for pedestrians and also oncoming traffic. Then, signal and also pull into website traffic when safe.

Defensive Driving

Defensive driving suggests doing all you have the right to to proccasion crashes. As a defensive driver, you will "give" a small. You will change your driving to fit the weather conditions, the way you feel, and also the actions of other vehicle drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians.Follow these actions to stop crashes:

Look for possible peril. Think around what could happen. If tright here are kids playing by the road, plan what you will certainly carry out if one runs or rides right into the street.Understand also what deserve to be done to prevent a crash. See the protective driving tips which follow as well as Handling Emergencies.Act in time. Once you have checked out a dangerous situation, act right amethod to proccasion a crash.

Use these protective driving tips if you see that you are around to be associated in a crash:

It is better to swerve ideal rather of toward oncoming web traffic to prevent a crash.Hitting a row of bushes is better than hitting a tree, post or solid object.Hitting a auto relocating in the very same direction as you are is much better than hitting a auto head-on.It is much better to drive off the road than skid off as soon as staying clear of a crash.It is better to hit something that is not relocating instead of a auto moving toward you.


When You Back Up

Check behind your car before you gain in. Children or small objects cannot be seen from the driver"s seat. Place your appropriate arm on the earlier of the seat and also turn roughly so that you can look straight via the rear window. Do not depfinish on your rearwatch or side mirrors as you cannot check out straight behind your vehicle. Back progressively, your auto is a lot harder to steer while you are backing. Whenever possible use a perkid exterior the auto to assist you earlier up.

Avoiding Rear-end Collisions

Many type of crashes take place because one vehicle runs into the ago of an additional one. Here are some things you can carry out to lower the danger of someone running right into the rear of your automobile.

Check your brake lights often to make certain they are clean and working effectively.Kcurrently what is going on behind you. Use your rearview mirrors.Signal well in advancement for transforms, stops and also lane transforms.Slow down slowly. Avoid any type of sudden actions.Drive via the flow of web traffic (within the speed limit). Driving too progressively deserve to be as dangerous as driving as well quick.To prevent striking the car in front of you, store at least two seconds following distance. This is done by adhering to the instructions found under the area, Minimum Safe Following Distances.

Basic Driver Improvement

Any driver deserve to take a basic driver improvement course. The course teaches means of maintaining crashes from happening. One driver have the right to sign up, or a team have the right to ask for a class. Consult your yellow pages under, Driving Instruction, for the place of the institutions.

Safety Belts

The driver and also front seat passenger should wear seat belts. This seat belt regulation uses to passenger cars made beginning via the 1968 model year, and also trucks beginning with the 1972 version year.It is unlawful for any type of perchild to run a car in this state unless eexceptionally passenger of the auto under the age of 18 is restrained by a security belt or by a boy restraint tool, regardless of seating place.

If the passenger is 18 years of age or older and also stops working to wear a seat belt as soon as compelled by law, the passenger will certainly be charged with the violation.

The legislation exempts the complying with from the seat belt requirements:

Any perchild certified by a doctor as having a medical condition that reasons the seat belt usage to be inproper or dangerous.Employee of a newspaper residence delivery business while transporting newsfiles on residence shipment paths.School buses.Bprovides provided for transportation of persons for compensation.Farm devices.Trucks of a net weight of more than 5,000 pounds.Motorcycle, moped or bicycle.

In a crash, you are much even more likely to be killed if you are not wearing a security belt. Wearing shoulder belts and also lap belts make your opportunities of living with a crash twice as excellent.

In a crash, safety and security belts:

Keep you from being thrvery own from the vehicle. The threat of death is 5 times higher if you are thrown from a vehicle in a crash.Keep you from being thrvery own against parts of your car, such as the steering wheel or windshield.Keep you from being thrown against others in the auto.Keep the driver behind the wheel, wbelow he or she can manage the vehicle.


Wear a lap belt roughly your hips, not your stomach. Fasten the belt snugly. Only wear a shoulder belt through a lap belt. Don"t just usage your security belt for lengthy trips or high-speed highways.More than half of the crashes that cause injury or fatality happen:

at speeds much less than 40 mph, andwithin 25 miles of home.

Protecting Children


The number one killer of young youngsters in the USA is website traffic crashes in which children were not restrained at all. Over 90 percent of the deaths and also 80 percent of the injuries in car crashes could be prevented by utilizing crash-tested kid restraints.

Children must be secure in the rear seat. Never secure a kid in the front passenger side, specifically if your vehicle has actually an air bag.

The law requires eextremely driver to effectively secure kids five years of age or younger in kid restraint devices riding in a passenger auto, van, or pick-up truck, regardmuch less of whether the auto is registered in this state. Infant carriers or children"s auto seats have to be used for children 3 years old and younger. For children aged 4 through 5 years, a separate carrier, an included boy seat or a seat belt may be provided. All infant carriers and also vehicle seats have to be crash-tested and also approved by the UNITED STATE Government.

Children being brought or riding bicycles should wear correctly fitted bicycle helmets.

What is the Best Child Seat?

The one that fits your boy.The one that fits your car.The one that you will use effectively every time.

For more information on the ideal boy seat, please visit: and also acquire information on occupant Protection and also Child Passenger Safety News.

Leaving Children Unattfinished or Unsupervised in Motor Vehicles

Do not leave kids unattfinished or unoversaw in a motor automobile, and never leave a kid unattended for any kind of duration of time if the motor of the vehicle is running or if the wellness of the son is in hazard.


On a hot summer day, the inner of a automobile deserve to obtain dangerously hot. One examine found that via the home windows up and the temperature outside at 94 degrees, the inside of a auto might be 122 levels in just fifty percent an hour, or 132 levels after an hour.

Speed Limits

Speed reasons many crashes. More chauffeurs are convicted of speeding than any various other offense. To avoid being fined or affiliated in a crash, obey the rate borders.Speed is exceptionally crucial in a collision. If you double the speed of a automobile, you rise its force of impact 4 times. If you triple the rate, the influence is nine times as great.

70 Does Not Almethods Typical 70

Remember that rate limits show the fastest speed you might drive under excellent problems. You are responsible for adjusting your driving rate to the road conditions. For example, if the weather is negative or there is many website traffic, you have to drive even more gradually than the posted speed. The safe speed is the one that enables you to have actually finish control of your car.

Florida "Standard" Speed Limits

Municipal Speed Areas30
Company or Residential Areas30
Rural Interstate Limited70
Limited Access Highways70
All Other Roads and Highways55*
School Zone20

*The 55 MPH maximum speed limit is still in result in Florida except where otherwise posted. Speed borders are 70 MPH on some rural interstate highmeans. Speed boundaries may be readjusted on various other multi-lane highways. Drivers must not assume because the location shows up to be rural, the limit is 70 MPH. Observe and also obey the posted speed indicators as tbelow may be frequent transforms from location to area along the schosen roadways and also highmeans.

Driving Too Slowly is additionally Against the Law

Drive with the flow of web traffic (within the rate limit). You must not drive so slowly that you block various other vehicles moving at normal, safe speeds. You deserve to be issued a ticket for driving too slowly.

Following Officer"s and also Fireman"s Instructions

If you are stopped by a law enforcement officer, pull off instantly to the too much appropriate, clear of website traffic once feasible. Turn off your engine. Reduce your headlights to the parking light place at night. Sit calmly and also follow the instructions of the officer. You have to follow any kind of lawful order or direction of (1) any police officer or (2) any type of fireman at the scene of a fire that is directing traffic. If a police officer is directing web traffic wbelow tright here are signal lights, obey the officer — not the signals.

Crossing Intersections

More crashes happen at intersections than any type of other location. Be very careful when approaching any interarea or drivemethod.

Look both means and also be ready to brake or soptimal.Drive at the slowest rate simply before entering the interarea, not while crossing.Do not pass or change lanes.Be aware of vehicles behind you. Will they have the ability to soptimal if necessary?

If you are quit, look for bicyclists and also pedestrians that may be crossing the intersection from either direction.


Who has the right-of-way in Florida? The answer is no one! The regulation just claims who need to yield (offer up) the right-of-method. Eincredibly driver, motorcyclist, moped rider, bicyclist and also pedestrian should perform everything feasible to prevent a crash.

Speak Signs

You must yield the right-of-way to all various other website traffic and also pedestrians at stop indicators. Move forward only as soon as the road is clear. At four-method stops, the initially car to stop have to move forward initially. If 2 vehicles reach the intersection at the exact same time, the driver on the left returns to the driver on the appropriate.

Open Intersections

An open intersection is one without website traffic regulate indicators or signals. When you enter one, you should yield the right-of-means if:

A automobile is currently in the interarea.You enter or cross a state highway from a secondary road.You enter a led road from an unpaved road.You plan to make a left revolve and a vehicle is approaching from the oppowebsite direction.

When two cars enter an open intersection at the exact same time, the driver on the left have to yield to the driver on the ideal.


Roundabouts are a brand-new kind of interarea, which improves website traffic circulation and reduces website traffic crashes. Most roundabouts carry out not call for preventing, which allows vehicles to move continuously through intersections at the exact same low rate. Roundabouts are designed to relocate all traffic through a counterclockwise direction. Vehicles approaching the roundaround yield to circulating traffic; but, motorists need to obey all signs to identify the correct right-of-means in the roundabout.


Safety Rules for Pedestrians


Look to the left and also the appropriate before stepping off any type of curb.Cross just at intersections or designated crosswalks. Drivers are always more alert for pedestrians when they strategy intersections.Cross through the green light or "WALK" signal. Make certain you have enough time to cross. Although the motorist should yield, the motorist might not view you in time.While walking along a highway, always walk on the shoulder on the left side, facing web traffic. Wear light colored garments or usage a flashlight to make you even more visible to drivers at night.


It is the motorist"s duty to do whatever possible to avoid colliding with any type of pedestrians. Bicyclists, skaters and also skateboarders in a crosswalk or driveway are thought about pedestrians. Turning chauffeurs have to yield to pedestrians crossing the street or driveway at any marked mid-block crossing, drivemeans or intersections without website traffic signals.


In Florida, the bicycle is legally identified as a automobile. Bicyclists utilizing a public roadway are thought about operators of motor vehicles and are responsible for observing web traffic legislations. With few exceptions, tright here is only one road and it is up to drivers and bicyclists to treat each other with care and respect. Adherence to the legislation is the structure of respect.

Blind Persons

The primary traveling aids for a perkid that is blind are often either a white cane or a trained overview dog. Independent travel involves some threat that can be significantly decreased when you, the driver, are conscious of the usage and also definition of a white cane or overview dog.

Drivers need to constantly yield the right-of-way to persons who are blind. When a pedestrian is crossing a street or highmeans guided by a dog or transferring a white cane (or a white cane via a red tip), vehicles need to concerned a finish stop.


School Buses

On a two-method street or highmeans, all vehicle drivers relocating in either direction have to sheight for a stopped school bus which is picking up or dropping off kids. You should remain stopped till all kids are clear of the roadmethod and the bus signal has been withattracted. Violation of this legislation is considered a moving violation and also is subject to a mandatory hearing.

If the highmeans is split by a raised obstacle or an unpaved median at least 5 feet wide, you execute not need to stop if you are relocating in the opposite direction of the bus. Painted lines or pavement marqueens are not considered to be obstacles. If you are relocating in the very same direction as the bus, you need to constantly soptimal — and not go forward until the bus soptimal signal has been withattracted.



School Crossings

Crossing guards are posted in areas where it is unsafe for youngsters to cross alone. When you view a guard, reduce your speed as you close to a college and children are in the location. Watch for institution zone posted speed and also soptimal if vital at the marked sheight lined however never before in the cross walk. Obey signals from any crossing guard. It is the driver"s obligation to do every little thing possible to prevent colliding via pedestrians. Remember, kids are unpredictable. Do your component to make eextremely crossing a safe crossing.

Public Transit

All drivers must yield the right-of-means to public transit bus traveling in the very same direction which has actually signaled and also in reentering the website traffic circulation from a specifically designated pullout bay.

Funeral Processions

Pedestrians and also motorists must yield the right-of-way to funeral processions. When the first car in the funeral procession lawfully enters an interarea, other vehicles in the procession need to have actually their headlights on as a signal to other vehicle drivers not to drive in between or interfere via the procession while it is in motion unless directed to carry out so by a police officer.


Drivemethods create an interarea via sidewalks. Motorists have to yield to bicyclists and also pedestrians on the sidewalk.

Emergency Vehicles

Pedestrians and chauffeurs have to yield the right-of-means to law enforcement cars, fire engines and also other emergency vehicles making use of sirens and/or flashing lights. Pull over to the closest edge of the roadmeans ideal away and also sheight until the emergency auto has passed. Do not block intersections.

When driving on interstate highmethods or various other highmethods via two or more lanes traveling in the direction of the emergency car, and also except once otherwise directed by a legislation enforcement officer, chauffeurs approaching a law enforcement or other authorized emergency automobile parked on a roadmeans with their emergency lights triggered, will certainly be required to leave the lane closest to the emergency automobile, as soon as it is safe to execute so.

When approaching a law enforcement or various other authorized emergency auto parked on a two-lane roadway with their emergency lights triggered, and also except once otherwise directed by a regulation enforcement officer, drivers will certainly be compelled to sluggish to a speed that is 20 miles per hour less than the posted speed limit as soon as the posted rate limit is 25 miles per hour or greater; or travel at 5 miles per hour when the posted rate limit is 20 miles per hour or less.

Making Turns

Turning a edge might seem to be an easy operation, but many traffic crashes are led to by chauffeurs that perform not rotate effectively.

Tbelow are nine measures in making a great turn:

Make up your mind around your revolve before you gain to the turning suggest. Never make "last minute" turns.If you have to adjust lanes, look behind and also to both sides to watch where various other vehicles are situated before making your rotate.Move into the correct lane as you close to the intersection. The correct lane for the best rotate is the lane alongside the best edge of the roadmeans. On a two-lane road through website traffic in both directions, a method for a left rotate have to be made in the part of the right half of the roadmethod nearest the center line.Give a turn signal for at least the last 100 feet prior to you make your revolve. Let other chauffeurs understand what you are going to carry out.Slow dvery own to a safe turning rate.When you are slowing to make a appropriate revolve, the bicyclist you passed may be catching approximately you. Search over your shoulder before turning. Yield to bicyclists and also pedestrians.Yield to pedestrians who may be crossing your route when turning left. Always sdeserve to for pedestrians before starting the revolve.Make the rotate, continuing to be in the appropriate lane. Yield the right-of-way to vehicles (including bicycles) coming from the opposite direction.Finish your turn in the correct lane. A ideal rotate need to be from the ideal lane right into the right lane of the roadway gotten in. A left rotate might be completed in any type of lane lawfully accessible, or safe, for the wanted direction of travel. See diagrams for making left transforms from or right into one-means roadways.

If you reach an intersection wright here you wish to make a appropriate or left rotate and also are not in the appropriate lane, you should drive to the following interarea. Then make the revolve from the correct lane.

Study these diagrams showing lanes to use in making turns.


Left and also Right Turns


Left from one-means into 2-way


Left from one-means right into one-means roads


Left from two-means onto two-ways roads


Left from 2 method onto one-method roads

Bike Lanes at Intersections

Slow down and also look for bicyclists. Signal your revolve before crossing via the bike lane at the dashed striping. Yield to any bicyclist. Complete the revolve from the designated best turn lane.

If tbelow is no best revolve lane, after checking to make sure that no bicyclists are existing, you might enter the bike lane at the interarea or driveway.

Turnabout (Three-Point Turn)

Sometimes you will should revolve your auto around in a very tiny room. Use a three-point rotate only if the road is as well narrow for a U-turn and also you can"t go roughly the block. To make a three-suggest turn:

Move as far ideal as possible, check traffic, and signal a left revolve.Turn the steering wheel sharply to the left and also move forward gradually. Sheight at the curb, or edge of roadmeans.Change to reverse, revolve your wheels sharply to the appropriate, examine web traffic, and also earlier your car to the right curb, or edge of roadway.


You have the right to currently relocate in the oppowebsite direction. Check web traffic, and also relocate forward. Never before make a three-suggest rotate or a U-rotate on a curve, a hill, or when a authorize shows that making a u-revolve is prohibited.

Turn Signals and Emergency Signals

You must usage hand signals or directional signals to show that you are about to rotate.

It is against the regulation to use your directional signals to tell drivers behind you that they deserve to pass. Four-way emergency flashers must only be offered while your automobile is legally quit or disabled on the highway or shoulder.

right turn

left turn

slow-moving or stop

Traffic Lanes

Always drive on the right side of a two-lane highway other than when passing. If the road has 4 or even more lanes via two-method web traffic, drive in the best lanes other than once overtaking and passing.

Left lanes on some interstate roads are scheduled for auto pool vehicles with 2 or more inhabitants in the car — watch for diamond indications in the median. The facility lane of a three-lane or five-lane highmeans is supplied only for turning left.

If you watch red reflectors encountering you on the lane lines, you are on the wrong side of the road. Get right into the correct lane immediately! If you watch red reflectors on the lines on the edge of the road, you are on the wrong freemeans ramp. Pull over immediately! Red reflectors constantly intend you are facing web traffic the wrong method and could have a head-on collision.

Blind Spots

Blind spots are areas near the left and best rear corners of your car that you cannot check out in your rearcheck out mirrors. Before you relocate sideways to adjust lanes on an exprespersuade or to pass on any type of road, rotate your head to make sure these areas are clear.


Areas bordered by X"s are blind spots for a automobile through an exterior mirror on the left side only.

On the roadways through more than one lane in each direction, do not drive in someone else"s blind spot. Speed up or drop ago so the other driver have the right to view you.


Stay a safe distance behind the vehicle you desire to pass. The closer you get to the automobile you desire to pass, the much less you deserve to watch ahead. This is especially true as soon as passing trucks, trailers, and other large vehicles.Before you pull out to pass, examine your blind spots and make certain that you have plenty of time and also room to pass.On a two-lane road, tap your horn, or at night battach your headlights to let the other driver recognize you are passing.


Give your signal prior to you move into the left lane.Do not return to the appropriate side of the road until you have the right to watch the car you passed in your rearview mirror.You need to return to the ideal side of the road prior to coming within 200 feet of any type of car coming from the opposite direction.Passing on the ideal is only legal as soon as tright here are two or even more lanes of web traffic moving in the exact same direction or the auto you are passing is making a left rotate. Pulling off the pavement to pass on the ideal is versus the law.


Being Passed

The driver of the vehicle behind passed must not increase speed until the pass is finish.Help various other drivers pass you safely. Move to the best side of your lane to offer them more room and a far better see of the road ahead.

When You May Not Pass

You might not pass on a two-lane road via website traffic relocating in oppowebsite directions under these conditions:

Wbelow you see a "DO NOT PASS" or "NO PASSING ZONE" authorize.Wbelow a solid yellow line is painted on your side of the center line.On hills or curves.At intersections.Within 100 feet of a bridge, viaduct, tunnel, or railroad crossing.

Violators might be arrested or issued a ticket.


Minimum Safe Following Distances

Leave plenty of space between you and the car ahead. If it stops conveniently, you will need time to watch the danger and soptimal.

Using the Two-Second Rule

At any speed, you have the right to usage the two-second dominion to see if you are much enough behind the auto in front of you:

Watch the car ahead pass some addressed point — an overpass, sign, fence edge, or other marker.Count off the seconds it takes you to reach the same spot in the road ("one thousand and one, one thousand also and two...").If you reach the note before you complete counting, you are adhering to also closely. Slow down and inspect your following distance again.

The two-second rule applies to any type of rate in excellent weather and road conditions. If road or weather problems are not excellent, double your adhering to distance. You must also double your adhering to distance when driving a mobile residence or towing a trailer.


When parking on a public road, move as far away from website traffic as possible. If tbelow is a roadside shoulder, pull as much onto it as you can. If tbelow is a curb, pull close to it — you should not park more than one foot ameans.

Always park on the right side of the roadway, unmuch less it is a one-means street.

Make certain your vehicle cannot move. Set the parking brake and transition to park with an automatic transmission or reverse through a manual transmission. Turn off the engine and lock the auto. Florida legislation requires that you take the tricks out of your car prior to leaving it. Almeans check website traffic behind you prior to acquiring out, or acquire out on the curb side.

Before you leave any parked place, look over your shoulder to the rear to make sure the method is clear. Give the correct revolve signal if driving from a curb and also yield to other traffic.

Parking on Hills

When parking on hills:

Turn your wheels so that if your auto starts to move by itself it will roll amethod from website traffic or right into the curb. Study the diagram provided.Set the parking brake.Put automatic equipment transition in park. Change hand-operated gears to reverse (downhill) or first (uphill).


Straight-in Parking

The rear markers recurrent the REAR corners of the parking space. The forward markers reexisting the approximate CENTER of the parking room. When properly parked, the car have to be centered inside the room via no part of the auto extfinishing out right into the web traffic lane.



Wbelow Parking is not Allowed

On the roadmethod side of one more parked auto (double parking).On crosswalks.On sidewalks.In front of driveways.By curbs painted yellow or wbelow "No Parking" signs are posted.Within intersections.Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant.Within 20 feet of an interarea.Within 20 feet of the entrance to a fire, ambulance or rescue squad terminal.Within 50 feet of a railroad crossing.On the hard surconfront of a highmeans where parking spaces are not noted.On any kind of bridge or overpass or in any kind of tunnel.Within 30 feet of a rural mail box on a state highmethod between 8 a.m. and also 6 p.m.Within 30 feet of any kind of flashing signal, speak sign or website traffic signal.In such a way that you block or produce a hazard for various other vehicles.

Parking Lights

Parking lights have to be supplied at night on any auto parked on a roadway or shoulder outside of cities and towns.

Driving with parking lights only (in area of headlights) is against the regulation.

Parking Privilege for Disabled

Disabled persons perform not have to pay parking fees on any type of public street, highmeans, or metered space. Their vehicles should display a valid parking placard from the rearcheck out mirror or on the front dash. These may be acquired from a tag agent or taxes collector"s office and also need to be renewed eincredibly four years.

Disabled persons must park in spaces booked for the disabled once feasible. These spaces are noted by the wheelchair symbol and "Parking by Disabled Permit Only" indications. Vehicles illegally parked in spaces scheduled for the handicapped will certainly be ticketed and may be towed.


Proof of Eligibility: Statement from a physician licensed in the United States, the Division of Blind Services of the Department of Education, or the Veterans Administration to the effect that applicant is a severely physically disabled individual through permanent mobility difficulties which dramatically impair his or her capability to ambulate or is certified as legally blind.ProcedureProvide Proof of Eligibility — Doctor"s Statement.Pay $1.50.Pay $15.00 for short-term disabled perboy parking permit.Present valid Florida driver license or identification card.


Expresguide Driving

Expressmethods — additionally called interstate highmethods, freemethods, and turnpikes — are multiple-lane roads through no soptimal indications, web traffic lights, or railroad crossings. For these factors, expressmeans deserve to give you a fast, safe method to get wbelow you should go.

Pedestrians, hitchhikers, bicycles, animal-attracted vehicles or motor-propelled cycles and also motor scooters through 150 cubic centimeter displacement or less are not permitted on expressmethods.

Entering and Leaving Expressways

Vehicles can enter and also leave expressmethods just at particular points. Because expresguide traffic is commonly relocating at or close to the maximum rate permitted, you should recognize how to enter and also departure safely.

All expresguide gates have 3 standard parts: an entrance ramp, an acceleration lane, and a merging area. Follow these guidelines to enter an exprespersuade safely:

On the entrance ramp, begin checking for an opening in traffic. Signal for your turn.As the ramp straightens into the acceleration lane, speed up. Try to change your speed so that you can relocate right into the website traffic as soon as you reach the finish of the acceleration lane.Merge right into web traffic when you have the right to execute so safely. You should yield right-of-means to traffic on the expresguide. You cannot constantly count on various other drivers relocating over to give you room to enter, yet carry out not sheight on an acceleration lane unmuch less website traffic is also heavy and also there is no room for you to enter safely.

When leaving an expressway:

Get into the exit lane. Posted indicators will tell you which one. Most expresguide exits are from the appropriate lane.Signal your intention to leave the exprespersuade by making use of your rotate signals.Slow dvery own as quickly as you are off the exprespersuade. Check the posted safe rate for the departure ramp.Do not make last-minute transforms right into an leave. If you go previous your leave, you should go to the next one.

Expressway Safety Reminders

Plan your trip. Know just wbelow you will certainly obtain on and also gain off.Drive in the ideal lane and also pass on the left. If tbelow are three lanes, use the right lane for reduced rate driving, the left for passing. If you continue to be in the appropriate lane, watch for cars entering the expresguide. Adsimply your speed or move into the facility lane so they deserve to enter safely.Never before soptimal on the pavement, shoulder, or connecting ramp of an expresguide other than in an emergency. If your auto breaks down, it might be parked on the side of the expressway (entirely off the pavement) for no more than 6 hrs. Raise your hood and tie a white towel to your antenna or left door take care of to show you need aid.Never earlier up on an expressway entrance ramp or departure ramp. The just exemption to this would be if you are trying to enter an expush way through an departure. In this case, you would certainly check out a "WRONG WAY" or "DO NOT ENTER" sign. Then you need to earlier up or turn about.Do not cross, drive on or park on the median spilgrimage.Do not follow too closely. Rear finish collisions are the greatest peril on expressmethods. Always leave room for emergency stops.Sheight driving when you feel exhausted. On lengthy trips the hum of the engine and your absence of movement deserve to make you feel sleepy. Soptimal for a cup of coffee, a short walk, or a nap. Do not threat failing asleep at the wheel.Stay out of other drivers" blind spots.Beware of turnpike hypnosis. Continuous expressway driving can become monotonous. Avoid staring. Get right into the habit of shifting your eyes left and right and utilizing rearsee mirrors.


Night Driving

You will must drive with additional treatment at night. You cannot see as far ahead or to the side, and also glare from oncoming cars deserve to reduce your vision also more. Follow these guidelines for driving at night:

Use your headlights (low beam or high beam) between the hours of sunset and sunincrease.Low beam headlamps are only reliable for increases to 20-25 mph. You have to use special treatment once driving much faster than these speeds, since you are unable to detect pedestrians, bicyclists and also others.High beam headlights deserve to expose objects up to a distance of at least 450 feet and are the majority of efficient for speeds much faster than 25 mph.Don"t usage high-beam headlights within 500 feet of oncoming vehicles.If you are behind various other vehicles, usage low beams when you are within 300 feet of the automobile ahead.When leaving a brightly lit area, drive gradually until your eyes grow used to darkness.If a vehicle comes towards you through high beams, flash your lights to high beam and ago to low beam when.Don"t look straight at oncoming headlights. Instead, watch the appropriate edge of your lane. Look quickly to be certain of the other vehicle"s position eincredibly few secs.Drive as much to the best as you have the right to if a automobile through one light comes toward you.



Wild and also residential pets may relocate unpredictably towards or across the travel path of an approaching motor automobile. When an animal is viewed in the road or on the road shoulder, you need to sluggish dvery own and, if crucial, yield the right-of-way. Be especially mindful in rural areas at night. Often an animal"s eyes shining in the headlight beams will certainly be watched initially.

Use reasonable treatment as soon as approaching a person that is riding or leading an pet upon the roadmethod or shoulder of the road. Horses have poor side vision and are conveniently frightened by loud noises or sudden activities.

Fog or Smoke

It is ideal not to drive in fog or smoke. If you should, slow-moving down, revolve on your low beam headlights, and be ready for a fast speak. Use windshield wipers in hefty fog. If the fog or smoke becomes so thick that you cannot watch well enough to save driving, pull all the means off the pavement and also stop. Turn on your emergency flashers.


The initially few drops of rain mean risk. Roads are many slippery simply after the rain begins, because oil dropped from cars has actually not been waburned amethod. Slow down and arrangement for at leastern 2 times the normal protecting against distance.

In a heavy rain, your tires have the right to ride on a thin film of water, like skis. This is dubbed hydroplaning. When your tires are not touching the road, you deserve to easily shed control and also skid. Keep your tires on the road by slowing down once it rains, and by having actually tires via the ideal air press and good treview.

Brakes regularly end up being wet after driving with deep water or driving in heavy rain. They may pull to one side or the various other, or they might not host at all. If this happens, sluggish dvery own and gently press on the brake pedal until your brakes are functioning again.

Reduced Visibility

You must revolve on your low beam (dim) headlights once driving at any type of time in between sunset and also sunclimb consisting of the twilight hours between sunset and sunrise including the twilight hours between suncollection and also full night or between complete night and sunrise. You should also usage these lights throughout any kind of rain, smoke or fog. Parking lights execute not satisfy demands of this regulation.

Handling Emergencies

When you are driving, things can occur very easily. You may have actually just a fraction of a second to make the appropriate relocate. Follow these guidelines for taking care of emergencies.


If possible, park wright here the disabled vehicle deserve to be checked out for 200 feet in each direction.Move the vehicle so all four wheels are off the pavement.Turn on your emergency flashers.Get all passengers out on the side ameans from website traffic.Tie a white towel on the left door take care of or antenna.Raise the hood.

Tire Blowout

Do not usage brakes.Concentprice on steering.Slow down slowly.Brake softly when the automobile is under manage.Pull completely off the pavement.

Wet Brakes

Test brakes lightly after driving through deep water.Brakes may pull to one side or might not organize at all.Dry brakes by driving gradually in low equipment and also applying brakes.

Right Wheels off Pavement

Take your foot off the gas pedal.Hold the wheel firmly and also steer in a right line.Brake lightly.Wait until the road is clear.Turn ago on the pavement sharply at slow speed.

Car or Motorcycle Approaching in your Lane

Sound your horn.Brake sharply.Steer for the side of the road or the ditch.

Jammed Gas Pedal

Keep your eyes on the road.Tap the gas pedal with your foot.Try to pry the pedal up via the toe of your shoe.Change right into neutral.Turn off the ignition. (Do not rotate the essential to lock, or your steering will certainly lock.)Use your brakes.

Brake Failure

Pump the brake pedal hard and quick.Change to a lower equipment.Apply the parking brake progressively, so you carry out not schild.Rub your tires on the curb to slow-moving your vehicle, or pull off the road into an open area.


Take your foot off the gas pedal.Do not use your brakes, if possible.Pump the brakes gently if you are around to hit something.Steer the car right into the direction of the schild to straighten the auto out. Then steer in the direction you wish to go.


If the fire is little and also you have actually a portable extinguisher, you have to attempt to extinguish the fire.If you cannot extinguish the fire and also it continues to gain larger, get amethod from the auto, due to the existence of toxic fumes and also the possibility of explosion.Never before use water to a gasoline or diesel fire.

Sharing the Roadway with a Truck

Whether you are sharing the road via a automobile, truck, bus, or various other big vehicle, it"s important for safety"s sake to obey website traffic regulations, abide by the rules of the road, and drive defensively.

Are there any kind of one-of-a-kind rules for sharing the road through a truck?Yes! Here are some suggestions from professional truck drivers:

The No-Zone

Side Blind Spots. Trucks and also boffers have much bigger blind spots on both sides than do passenger cars. If a commercial driver needs to swerve or readjust lanes for any kind of factor, call through the car in such a spot can happen.Rear Blind Spots. Unprefer passenger cars, trucks and buses have actually deep blind spots directly behind them. Tailgating greatly increases your opportunities of a rear-finish collision with a commercial vehicle.Unsafe Passing. Anvarious other No Zone is simply in front of trucks and boffers. When passing a bus or truck, be certain you can view the cab in your rear check out mirror prior to pulling in front.Wide Right Turns. Truck and also bus vehicle drivers occasionally need to swing wide to the left in order to safely negotiate a appropriate revolve. They cannot view cars straight behind or next to them. Cutting in in between the commercial vehicle and the curb or shoulder to the right rises the possibility of a crash.Backing Up. When a truck is backing up, it sometimes need to block the street to maneuver its trailer accurately. Never cross behind a truck that is preparing to ago up or is in the process of doing so. Remember, most trailers are eight and also a half feet wide and also have the right to entirely hide objects that all of a sudden come in between them and loading areas. Automobile vehicle drivers attempting to pass behind a truck enter a blind spot for both vehicle drivers.


When passing a truck, first check to your front and also rear, and relocate right into the passing lane only if it is clear and also you are in a legal passing zone. Let the truck driver understand you are passing by blinking your headlights, particularly at night. The driver will certainly make it less complicated for you by remaining to the much side of the lane.On a level highmeans, it takes just three to five secs longer to pass a truck than a auto. On an upgrade, a truck often loses rate, so it is much easier to pass than a auto. On a downgrade, the truck"s momentum will cause it to go faster, so you might must increase your rate.Complete your pass as quickly as feasible, and also do not stay alongside the other automobile.If the driver bweb links his lights after you pass, it"s a signal that it is clear to pull back in. Be sure to relocate earlier just once you deserve to view the front of the truck in your rearsee mirror. After you pass a truck, preserve your speed.When a truck passes you, you deserve to help the truck driver by keeping to the far side of your lane. You"ll make it simpler for the truck driver if you alleviate rate slightly. In any occasion, execute not rate up while the truck is passing. After passing, the truck driver will certainly signal to let you recognize that the truck will be returning to your lane.When you accomplish a truck coming from the oppowebsite direction, keep as far as feasible to the side to stop a sideswipe accident and to mitigate the wind disturbance in between the two vehicles. Remember that the turbulence pushes the vehicles acomponent. It does not suck them together.

Following a Truck

In basic, trucks take slightly much longer than cars to sheight because of their dimension. However before, at highway speeds or on wet roads, trucks may have actually better traction and stcapability allowing them to stop more easily. A car complying with also carefully may not have the ability to soptimal quickly enough to avoid rear-finishing the truck.If you are adhering to a truck, remain out of its "blind spot" to the rear. Avoid adhering to also closely, and position your auto so the truck driver deserve to check out it in his side mirrors. Then you will have a great view of the road ahead, and the truck driver can give you plenty of warning for a soptimal or a revolve. You will have actually more time — to react and make a safe sheight.When you follow a truck at night, always dim your headlights. Bright lights from a vehicle behind will certainly blind the truck driver once they reflect off the truck"s large side mirrors.If you are quit behind a truck on an upgrade, leave room in situation the truck drifts back slightly when it starts to relocate. Also, save to the left in your lane so the driver can check out that you"re quit behind the truck.

Sharing the Roadway with a Bicycle

Allow 3 feet of clearance when passing a cyclist. Reduce your speed if the roadway is narrowhead.After parallel parking, examine for cyclists before opening the driver"s side door.At night, stop using high-beam headlights as soon as a cyclist is approaching. The cyclist could be temporarily blinded.Do not follow a cyclist carefully. If you are too close and also the cyclist must lay down their bike dvery own on the road in an emergency, you can run them over.

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Sharing the Road via a Motorcycle

When you follow a motorcycle, remember that motorcycles have actually the capacity of stopping much more easily than various other vehicles in emergencies. Following also closely enrisks your life and that of the motorcyclist. Do not follow a motorcyclist very closely.Watch for motorcycles before turning and yield best of way.Include motorcycles in your visual search pattern.Do not share the lane with a motorcycle. The motorcyclist requirements the room to maneuver safely and is entitcaused the whole lane.When your vehicle is being passed by a motorcycle, you have to preserve your lane place and also speed. Allow the motorcycle to finish the maneuver and assume appropriate lane place as conveniently as possible.Do not follow the motorcycle closely. Motorcycles have the right to sheight in a shorter distance than a automobile.In web traffic, especially in inclement weather or under certain road problems, motorcycles run in different ways than other vehicles:Wind gusts deserve to relocate a motorcycle across a whole lane.Wet or icy roadways impair a motorcyclist"s capability to brake and also maneuver.Potholes or railroad tracks, frequently need motorcyclists to change positions within their lane.Gravel roadways decrease tractivity and may cause a rider to slow-moving dvery own or brake wright here a car would certainly not.