Alam, Mohammad S. Food Protein Research and Growth Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Last reviewed:March 2019

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.251400

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Nutrition valueChemistry of fats and oilsProduction methodsOil modification processChemical adjuvantsTestingDeterioration factorsRelated Main LiteratureMore Reading

Important sensible components of foods items, belonging to a team of biological substance referred to as lipids.

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Fats and oils are soluble in organic solvents such as hexane, petroleum ether, alcohol, and chloroform. They are insoluble in water. Fats and also oils have distinct properties and also play a major duty in huguy nutrition. They include flavor, texture, lubricity, and also satiety to foods. Many fats and also oils supplied for humale usage are plant-derived (Fig. 1). The significant commodity fats and also oils are soybean, cottonseed, canola, sunfreduced, corn, peanut, palm kernel, and also coconut oils; others such as olive, almond, cashew nut, hazelnut, avocaperform, and also severy same oils are thought about gourmet or specialty, health-cultivating oils. The significant animal fats encompass lard from pigs, tenable from cattle and lamb, milk fat or butter from cows, and fish oil. Recently, some unique oils such as emu oil (harvested from emu birds), ostwell-off oil, and mink oil have actually remained in high demand for their use in the pharmaceutical and also cosmetic industries. Another resource of fats and oils is algae. These aquatic organisms might consist of as much as 60% oils, depending on the form of species harvested. Algal oil has been supplied in food formulations for many type of years, especially for margarine and shortening and also also as a source of omega-3 fatty acids. See also: Algae; Fat and oil; Food; Lipid

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