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Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Military Nutrition Research; Marriott BM, Grumstrup-Scott J, editors. Body Composition and also Physical Performance: Applications For the Military Services. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1990.


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Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Military Nutrition Research; Marriott BM, Grumstrup-Scott J, editors.

The army solutions maintain separate physical requirements for elevation, weight, and also body fat for retention. These are had in the regulations that implement the Department of Defense (DOD) directive 1308.1 dated 29 June 1981 that establiburned a weight manage regime in all the Services. For each company the physical criteria are had within broader military regulations governing the whole weight manage regimen. This Appendix therefore contains excerpts from the regulations currently in impact that govern elevation, weight, and body fat estimation for retention for the U.S. Army, UNITED STATE Navy, U.S. Air Force, and also U.S. Naval Corps. However before, the full army regulation titles and also numeric specifications are offered for added information.


UNITED STATE Army

The requirements for retention in the UNITED STATE Military are had in Army Regulation 600-9: The Military Weight Control Program (upday 1 September 1986) and also encompass the alters noted in the 1 October 1991 Interim Change to this regulation comprehensive in Appendix E. This regulation is extensive and excerpts right here include: the stated objective of the regulation, details of procedures, and also pertinent referral tables. 1


Section I. Introduction


1. Purpose

This regulation develops plans and measures for the implementation of the Army Weight Control Program.


2. References

Required publications are noted in appendix A.


3. Explacountry of Abbreviations and Terms

Abbreviations and special terms used in this regulation are explained in the glossary.


4. Objectivesa.

The main objective of the Military Weight Control Program is to insure that all personnel—

(1)

Are able to meet the physical demands of their duties under combat conditions.

(2)

Present out a trim army appearance at all times.

b.

Excessive body fat—

(1)

Connotes a absence of individual discipline.

(2)

Detracts from armed forces appearance.

(3)

May show a negative state of health and wellness, physical fitness, or toughness.

c.

Objectives of the Army Weight Control Program are to—

(l)

Assist in developing and maintaining—

(a)

Discipline.

(b)

Operational readiness.

(c)

Optimal physical fitness.

(d)

Health.

(e)

Effectiveness of Army personnel via appropriate weight control.

(2)

Establish correct body fat criteria.

(3)

Provide measures for which personnel are counseled to help in meeting the criteria prescribed in this regulation.

(4)

Foster high criteria of skilled military appearance supposed of all personnel.


Section II. Responsibilities


5. General

The Army traditionally has promoted a armed forces appearance which is neat and trim. Additional, a critical function of day-to-day performance and combat readiness of the Military is that all personnel are healthy and also physically fit. Self-self-control to keep proper weight circulation and also high requirements of appearance are necessary to eincredibly individual in the Army.

SOURCE: AR 600-9 Upday, p. 3.

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Section III. Weight Control


20. Policya.

Commanders and also supervisors will monitor all members of their command (policemans, warrant officers, and also enlisted personnel) to incertain that they maintain proper weight, body complace (as described in the glossary), and personal appearance. At minimum, personnel will certainly be weighed as soon as they take the Military Physical Fitness Test (APFT) or at least eextremely 6 months. Personnel exceeding the screening table weight displayed in table 1) or determined by the commander or supervisor for a unique testimonial will have a determination made of percent body fat. Identification and also counseling of overweight personnel are forced.

b.

Commanders and supervisors will carry out educational and also various other motivational programs to encourage personnel to obtain and maintain correct weight standards. Such programs will include—


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Table 1

Weight for Height Table (Screening Table Weight).


(1)

Nutrition education and learning sessions conducted by qualified health care personnel.

(2)

Exercise programs, even though minimum APFT requirements are achieved.

c.

Maximum allowable percent body fat requirements are as follows:


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Era Group: 17-20Period Group: 21-27
Male (% body fat): 20Male (% body fat): 22
Female (% body fat): 28Female (% body fat): 30
Era Group: 28-39Era Group: 40 & Older
Male (% body fat): 24Male (% body fat): 26
Female (% body fat): 32Female (% body fat): 34

However before, all personnel are urged to accomplish the even more stringent Department of Defense (DOD)-wide goal, which is 20 percent body fat for males and 26 percent body fat for females.

d.

Personnel who are overweight (as described in the glossary)—

(1)

Will be considered nonpromotable (to the degree such nonproactivity is allowed by law).

(2)

Will not be authorized to attfinish experienced army or civilian schooling.

(3)

Will not be assigned to command positions.


21. Proceduresa.

Body fat composition will be identified for personnel—

(1)

Whose body weight exceeds the screening table weight in table 1.

(2)

When the unit commander or supervisor determines that the individual"s appearance says that body fat is too much.

b.

Routine weigh-ins will certainly be achieved at the unit level. Percent body fat measurements will certainly be completed by firm or equivalent level leaders (or their designee) in accordance with conventional approaches prescribed in Appendix B to this regulation. Soldiers will be measured by individuals of the same sex. If this cannot be achieved, a female soldier will be existing once males measure females. IRR members on AT, ADT, and SADT will certainly have actually a weigh-in, and body fat review (if required) by the unit to which attached. Active and also Reserve component personnel and units through soldiers exceeding the body fat requirements in paragraph 20c, over, will be provided weight reduction counseling.

c.

The sample correspondence displayed in number 1 will be completed and maintained by the unit commander or supervisor to record correctly referrals and also actions taken in each instance.

d.

A clinical review will certainly be completed by wellness treatment personnel once the soldier has a clinical limitation, or is pregnant, or when asked for by the unit commander. One is also compelled for soldiers being considered for separation due to faiattract to make satismanufacturing facility development in a weight manage regimen, or within 6 months of ETS. Aircraft crew members, who exceed the body fat standards, will be described a trip surgeon for feasible affect on flight standing. If an individual"s problem is diagnosed by medical authorities to result from an underlying or linked disease process, health and wellness treatment personnel will take one of the complying with actions:

(1)

Prescribe therapy to minimize the problem and also rerevolve personnel to their unit.

(2)

Hospitalize people for necessary treatment; this activity uses to Active Army personnel just. Reserve Component personnel will certainly be referred to their individual doctor for additionally testimonial or treatment at the individual"s price.

(3)

Determine whether the individual"s condition is medically disqualifying for ongoing business. In these cases, disposition will certainly be made under provisions of correct regulations.

e.

If health treatment personnel uncover no underlying or connected disease procedure as the reason of the condition and the individual is classified as overweight, these facts will certainly be documented and the individual gone into in a weight control program. Suspension of favorable personnel actions will be initiated under AR 600-31 for personnel in a weight manage regime.

(1)

The required weight loss goal of 3 to 8 pounds per month is considered a safely attainable goal to permit soldiers to lose excess body fat and meet the body fat standards described in para 20c. Weigh-ins will be made by unit personnel monthly (or during unit assemblies for ARNG and also USAR personnel) to measure development. A body fat evaluation might additionally be done by unit personnel to help in measuring development.

(2)

As an exemption to g below, an individual that has no weight loss after any two consecutive monthly weigh-ins may be referred by the commander or supervisor to wellness care personnel for rereview. If health care personnel are unable to recognize a clinical factor for absence of weight loss—and if the individual is not in compliance through the body fat requirements at paragraph 20c and also still exceeds the screening table weight (table l)—the commander or supervisor will indevelop the individual that

(a)

Progress is unsatismanufacturing facility.

(b)

He or she is topic to separation as mentioned in j listed below.

f.

Commanders and supervisors will rerelocate people administratively from a weight regulate routine as soon as the body fat standard is accomplished. The removal activity will certainly be documented as shown in figure 1; removal of suspension of favorable personnel actions will be achieved at that time.

g.

After a duration of dieting and/or exercise for 6 months, soldiers that have not made satisfactory progression (as described in the glossary) and also who still exceed the screening table and also body fat requirements will certainly be processed as follows:

(1)

If health treatment personnel recognize that the problem is because of an underlying or associated illness procedure, activity defined in d above will certainly be taken.

(2)

If no underlying or connected condition procedure is uncovered to reason the overweight problem, the individual will be subject to separation from the Service under appropriate regulations shown in j below.

h.

Personnel will be ongoing in a weight regulate program (as gave in e via g above) after the initial 6-month period if they—

(1)

Still exceed the body fat conventional.

(2)

Have made satisfactory development toward their weight loss (as suggested in the glossary), or are at or below the screening table weight (table 1).

(3)

For RC personnel only. If the individual has not obtained an testimonial from his/ her personal physician UP of para 20d(2) above, and cannot show that the overweight condition outcomes from an underlying or associated disease procedure, the individual may be separated under appropriate regulations without better clinical review by health treatment personnel.

i.

To assist leaders and supervisors, a flow chart outlining procedural guidance is shown at figure 2.

j.

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The commander or supervisor will certainly increate the individual in writing that initiation of separation proceedings is being considered under the following regulations: AR 635-200, chapter 5-15, AR 635-100, chapter 5; NGR 600-200, chapter 7; NGR 600-101; NGR 600-5; NGR 635-100; AR 135-175; or AR 135-178. This procedure will certainly be complied with unless a clinical reason is discovered to preclude the loss of weight or tright here is other great reason to justify additional time in the weight manage regimen.