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ionic bond, also referred to as electrovalent bond, kind of link developed from the electrostatic attraction in between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond develops when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to an additional atom. The atom that loses the electrons becomes a positively charged ion (cation), while the one that gains them becomes a negatively charged ion (anion). A brief therapy of ionic bonds follows. For full treatment, see chemical bonding: The formation of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding results in compounds recognized as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, which are finest exemplified by the compounds created in between nonsteels and the alkali and also alkaline-earth steels. In ionic crystalline solids of this kind, the electrostatic forces of attraction between oppowebsite charges and repulsion between comparable charges orient the ions in such a manner that eexceptionally positive ion becomes surrounded by negative ions and vice versa. In brief, the ions are so arranged that the positive and negative charges alternative and balance one another, the as a whole charge of the whole substance being zero. The magnitude of the electrostatic forces in ionic crystals is substantial. Accordingly, these substances tfinish to be difficult and nonvolatile.

Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The sodium atom has a single electron in its outera lot of shell, while chlorine requirements...

An ionic bond is actually the too much instance of a polar covalent bond, the last resulting from unequal sharing of electrons quite than finish electron move. Ionic bonds generally create as soon as the distinction in the electronegativities of the two atoms is good, while covalent bonds form when the electronegativities are equivalent. Compare covalent bond.

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The Editors of Encyclopaedia muzic-ivan.info This article was the majority of newly revised and updated by Adam Augustyn.