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The agricultural sector is one of the primary land individuals in Europe and also thus forms landscapes in rural locations. It has actually miscellaneous direct and instraight impacts on the setting and is itself dependent on natural sources.


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Agricultural land also plays a vital duty in land also use trends across the EU. Grassland also and cropland also together make up 39 % of Europe"s land cover (, 2017a). The farming sector is a major user of natural resources and also has actually a complex partnership through the atmosphere (OECD, 2017). The following information reflect the performance and impacts of the farming sector in the EU:

Agrisociety is just one of the main resources of nitprices in surface and also ground waters. In several regions across Europe, often those through intensive farming, nitprice concentrations are still too high.

Two of the primary obstacles confronting farming in Europe are climate readjust (, 2017c) and also land also take, i.e. the conversion of land to, for instance, settlements and also facilities (, 2017a). Climate readjust needs the adaptation of crop arrays and reasons extreme weather events (for even more indevelopment on climate adaptation, view the’s work-related in this area or the Climate-ADAPT Platform) and therefore it requirements prouncovered danger administration. Land take leads to a reduction in agricultural land in many kind of regions.

Key trends

Despite the advancement of the farming sector depending on many type of determinants and also regional variations in the sector, some key patterns at the European level have the right to be observed. The propercent of full land also accounted for by agricultural land also is shrinking and the sector is affected by land also take, i.e. transdevelopment to artificial land. Independently of this, the number of farms is decreasing and also the average farm size increasing.

All three determinants — land-take, intensification and also extensification — lead to loss of High Nature Value Farmland also and also a decline in populations of farmland also birds.

In current years, the agricultural sector has actually been progressively impacted by excessive weather occasions. Hail, heavy rainfall, floods and droughts, carried around by climate change, have actually brought about reduced yields (, 2017c).

Policy context

The advance of the agricultural sector is strongly affected by the EU’s Typical Agrisocial Policy (CAP) (check out Köster, 2010). Ever considering that its creation in the mid-20th century, EU agricultural policy has had a solid economic measurement. Yet, over the last 50 years tbelow has been a transition in the type of subsidies offered and a relocate from a mainly sector-oriented plan to a much more integrated rural development policy via structural and agri-eco-friendly steps. Currently the CAP functions two main pillars:

Shaft 1, under which direct payments to farmers and also industry interventions are covered, andPillar 2, under which rural breakthrough programmes are sustained.

For the period 2010-2014, the average share of EU subsidies in agricultural element income<1> was even more than 35 %, and that of direct payments to farmers was 28 %. These numbers ranged from even more than 90 % (complete subsidies) and also about 45 % (direct payments) in Slovakia to roughly 15 % and 12 % in the Netherlands (EPRS, 2017). The European Commission’s legal proposal for the CAP write-up 2020 was published in June 2018. It strives for better performance orientation as it regards the contribution to eco-friendly and also climate targets and ambitions.

Agrisocial production is likewise framed by various other EU and also global policies, some of which, e.g. the Nitrates Directive and also the Water Framejob-related Directive, are already reflected in the design of the CAP. Furthermore, energy and climate plans, for instance, have also driven the rise in energy crop production over the last decade (OECD/FAO, 2017).

Additionally, the sector plays a critical duty in achieving the missions of the EU’s Biodiversity Strategy and the UN Sustainable Growth Goals (SDGs). Activities

The coordinates via other EU organisations, for circumstances in the compilation of the prevalent set of agri-eco-friendly signs (AEIs). information are supplied within the security and testimonial of the CAP, e.g. as input for the compilation of certain so-referred to as conmessage indications. With its stake in the Copernicus Land Monitoring Service, the explores methods to significantly usage Copernicus information for agri-environmental assessments. It likewise tries to accomplish the needs of the agricultural sector for Earth monitoring information and assets, e.g. for the application of precision farming modern technologies.

Acomponent from collaborating very closely through the various other EU organisations, the works along with the National Reference Centres in the field of Environment and Agrisociety. These centres develop an innate part of the’s European Environment Indevelopment and also Observation Network (Eionet), in which the 38 nations are represented. Synergies via the occupational of various other global organisations, such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and also Development (OECD) and also the Food and Agrisociety Organization of the United Nations (FAO), take area. The also collaborates through the study neighborhood and also expert panels, e.g. with project groups supported under the Horizon2020 programme.

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Recent publications

The recent Report "Food in a green light" discusses food production and also consumption, taking a food mechanism perspective.