Why so pale and also wan, fond lover?Prithee, why so pale?Will, once looking well can’t relocate her,Looking ill prevail?Prithee, why so pale?

Why so dull and also mute, young sinner? Prithee, why so mute? Will, once speaking well can’t win her, Saying nopoint do’t?Prithee, why so mute?

Quit, quit, for shame; this will not move, This cannot take her.If of herself she will certainly not love, Nothing deserve to make her; The devil take her! 


The poetic voice is questioning the allude of his friend’s love sickness. This lover is making himself sick and also going into his shell, which is causing every one of his friends embarrassment and also the poetic voice is stating the pointlessness of his misery and informing him, rather aggressively, to obtain over this girl and also move on via his life.

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Mini Glossarywan – pale complexion saying someone is sick;prithee – archaic form of please, overly polite;prevail – conquer a problem/win a fight, in this case convince the girl in question to love him.


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Well, first of all, this is a song from a play Suckling composed referred to as ‘Aglaura’ in 1637. It is immediately presented by Orsames who states it is: ‘A bit foolish counsel… I provided to a frifinish of mine… once he was falling right into a consumption’. So, it is advice to a friend who is feeling lovesick.

Suckling lived between 1609-42 and also was a Cavalier poet (basically among Charles I’s fanboys) who were associated via caretotally free gallanattempt. As such he had actually an interesting life, which he filled through his share of womanising and gambling. This could maybe describe his attitude to woguys in this poem.

Love, love, love. Unrequited love. However before, don’t be fooled into reasoning this is a romantic poem; it is not in anymeans. This poem tells us a lot around the poetic voice (which seems pretty comparable to what you could expect of Suckling as a Cavalier poet) thinks around love and women: don’t acquire soppy around it, simply move on if she won’t have actually you.


The first stanza provides rhetorical concerns to make the lover consider why he is making himself sick. ‘Pale’ and also ‘wan’ both suggest a challenge without colour, so someone suffering from physical sickness. Lines 3-4 are supplied by the poetic voice to indicate that if this girl does not want him ‘as soon as looking well’ (healthy) then why would she want him as soon as he looks sickly.In a comparable manner the second stanza encounters the readjust in this lover’s personality. If the poetic voice is friends via the lover you would think that he commonly finds him interesting and also engaging, yet in the open lines he inquiries why the lover is ‘dull’ and ‘mute’ arguing that he has quit talking or being affiliated and is coming to be a little bit of a bore to all about him. Aobtain the middle lines of the stanza, 8-9, emphasise just how futile the lover’s reactivity to rejection is, as he is never going to win the girl round via his silent sobriety if she didn’t desire him as soon as he is ‘speaking well’. Both these stanzas highlight the ridiculous nonsense that is love sickness – if she doesn’t like you at your best, she’s not going to be interested as soon as you’re a blubbering mess.The final stanza is a bit of a readjust and also is maybe the initially supportive comment from the poetic voice to the lover. The initially line is a plea for the lover to snap out of it via the repetition of ‘quit’ emphasising the voice’s frustration with him and ‘shame’ tells the lover he is embarrassing himself and also his friends. However before, it then becomes quite abusive towards the object of the lover’s desire as the voice states that if she won’t love him then ‘the devil take her’, which is a sixteenth-seventeenth century tantamount for ‘sod her’. He is slagging her off to make the lover feel a little much better about himself and hopeful to acquire him to move on.

The major techniques to discuss is the poet’s use of rhetorical questions and also repetition. Once you’ve explored the method the poem creates a picture of love sickness affecting both physical appearance and also social behaviour, the consistent use of rhetorical questions is pretty necessary.

The poet knows specifically why the lover is looking so ‘pale and wan’ and why he is ‘so dull and mute’ (he’s love sick), but asks the concerns and also then repeats the inquiries 3 time in stanza one and also 2 to really drive house just how absurd the lover is being. It has actually the same effect as someone say ‘What’s the point?’ three times, which emphasises the pointlessness. The usage of the word ‘Prithee’ on both repetitions is overly polite and also sarcastic as the poetic voice clearly thinks his friend is being foolish. The rhetorical questions in the middle of stanza one or two are both dripping through sarcasm as they are clearly ridiculous concerns designed to highlight the lover’s idiotic place.

It can also be worth mentioning the readjust in language in the last stanza. We have actually the initially point out of ‘her’ (as in the love interest) and she is instantly cursed with the expression ‘the evil one take her’, which is used as a means of telling his frifinish that she is no great and also deserve to go to hell and also telling the lover to relocate on from her.

If you feel confident, you might even talk about the alliterative use of ‘w’ (‘why’, ‘wan’)and ‘p’ (‘pale’, ‘prithee’) sounds in the initially stanza and also ‘m’ in the second stanza, which are harsh sounding when read aloud and add to mood of aggression or deep sarcasm in a rebuking manner.


Remember: there is no suggest talking about structure unless you deserve to connect it to some sensible evaluation. Examiners don’t treatment about ABABCC rhymes schemes and coupallows unmuch less you can describe why they have actually been used and to what impact.

The essential point right here is that the poem is structured prefer a logical argument. You could discuss 2 elements of the poem that aid to provide it a calm and also logical feel. Firstly, the initially 2 stanzas establish the difficulty and also the futility of the current instance, while the final stanza delivers a logical solution: ‘foracquire her!’. Secondly, look at the regularity of the construction of each stanza – 5 lines, ABABB rhyme scheme, constant metre with 85855 syllables. This isn’t the irregularity of someone wild through emotion, but is focused, organised… logical… as it was intfinished to be as it is guidance to try to obtain the lover to view sense.


We’ve partially extended this above, however let’s just make it clear.

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You might suppose a poem about a love sick somebody to be sympathetic, however this is really not sympathetic. It drips with sarcasm and is repetitive to the point where the lover might only maybe be embarrassed, not consoled (‘Quit, quit, for shame). The way some of the alliteration pressures you to spit the letters out offers us the impression that the poetic voice is frustrated with his friend and wants him to snap out of it. However, the final stanza’s frustration practically fizzles to sympathy for his friend and also trying to make his friend hate himself out of his melancholy through the malice directed in the direction of this innocent non-reciprocating woguy.