In a speech at midnight on January 1, 2000 (strictly speaking, a year before the twenty-first century actually began), President Clinton prodeclared, “the great story of the twentieth century is the triumph of liberty and free world.” Freedom remained an essential suggest of self-interpretation for people and also culture at large. When asked in a public-opinion survey what they were proudest of around America, 69 percent of respondents answered, “flexibility.” Americans were progressively tolerant of divergent personal lifestyles, cultural backgrounds, and religious persuasions. They took pleasure in a degree of flexibility of expression unequaled in virtually any kind of country in the world. But their meaning of freedom had actually readjusted markedly in the time of the course of the twentieth century. Thanks to the rights radvancement and the political dominance of antifederal government conservatives, the leading meaning of freedom stressed the capacity of individuals to realize their desires and meet their potential unrestricted by authority. Other Amerideserve to traditions—liberty as financial defense, freedom as energetic participation in democratic federal government, liberty as social justice for those long disadvantaged—seemed to be in eclipse. Americans sought liberty within themselves, not with social organizations or public engagement.

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It was an irony of late-twentieth-century life that Americans delighted in even more individual liberty than ever prior to yet less of what previously generations referred to as “industrial flexibility.” The sustained recoextremely from the recession of the early on 1990s did not entirely relieve a widespread sense of financial inprotection. Globalization—which treated employees at residence and also awide as interchangeable components of production, capable of being uprooted or dismissed without warning—seemed to render individual and also even nationwide sovereignty all yet meaningmuch less. Due to the fact that economic liberty has actually long been linked with financial defense, and also civil liberties have actually historically been connected to democratic participation and membership in a nation-state, these processes had ominous effects for traditional understandings of liberty. It remained to be watched whether a conception of flexibility grounded in accessibility to the customer marketlocation and also the glorification of individual self-fulfillment unrestrained by government, social citizenship, or a common public society might provide an sufficient way of comprehending the civilization of the twenty-first century.


1. Why was the year 1989 one of the a lot of momentous in the twentieth century?

2. Describe the various visions of the U.S. duty in the post-Cold War world as determined by President George H. W. Bush and President Clinton.

3. Exordinary Clinton’s political strategy of combining social liberalism through conservative financial concepts.

4. Describe the prominence of huguy legal rights worries throughout the Clinton presidency.

5. Identify the determinants that, in the midst of 1990s prosperity, enhanced the levels of inehigh quality in the United States.

6. Assess the complace and also impact of immigration in this period.

7. What major problems offered climb to the society wars of the 1990s?

8. Assess the role of the Supreme Court in the presidential election of 2000.

9. What is globalization, and also how did it influence the United States in the 1990s?



1. Discuss the global occasions of 1989 in regards to freedom.

2. What was the meaning of Newt Gingrich’s “Freedom Revolution”?

3. Discuss the role of humale rights in American foreign plan in the time of the Clinton years.

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4. Describe numerous means in which Americans viewed liberty around the year 2000.